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SOEP Survey Papers ; 1104 : Series C - Data Documentations (Datendokumentationen) / 2022

Sampling, Nonresponse, and Weighting of the 2020 Refreshment Sample (M6) of the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Refugee Panel

2022| Hans Walter Steinhauer, Rainer Siegers, Manuel Siegert, Jannes Jacobsen, Sabine Zinn

Health Returns to Education Across the Life Course: Measuring Health in Children and Adolescents in the National Educational Panel Study

Health is an important non-monetary outcome of education surveyed by the National Education Panel Study (NEPS). In addition to its effects in adulthood (see Lettau et al., 2020), the interplay between education and health also plays a role for children and adolescents. For this reason, the NEPS provides longitudinal data on various aspects of health, education, relevant control variables, and mechanisms ...

Bamberg: Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBI), 2022,
(NEPS Survey Paper No. 95)
| Jacqueline Kroh, Michael Gebel, Guido Heineck

Non-Standard Employment and Partnership Dissolution: A Comparison of Nonmarital Cohabitations and Marriages

This paper investigates the link between non-standard employment (NSE) and the risk of partnership dissolution, applying event history analysis to data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey for the period 2001–2016. It moves beyond previous studies by (a) considering a broader range of employment types, including fixed-term ...

In: Journal of Family Issues (online first) (2022), | Inga Laß

Political implications of ‘green’ infrastructure in one’s ‘backyard’: the Green Party’s Catch 22?

A clean environment is a public good, with the benefits shared by all. While most individuals can agree on the need to implement green policies, we argue that the cost-benefit calculation is quite different depending on where one lives. Those individuals living in places where green infrastructure is infeasible, such as cities, can advocate for green technologies knowing that the chance of having to ...

London: London School of Economics and Political Science, 2022,
(Working Paper 81)
| Frieder Mitsch, Andrew McNeil

Minor and inconsistent differences in Big Five personality traits between vegetarians and vegans

Most research examining individuals who follow different diets has combined vegetarians and vegans into a single group. To investigate whether this consolidation is justified, we analyzed possible differences between vegetarians and vegans for the Big Five personality traits in two studies. In our pre-study, we used data from a German convenience sample of 400 vegetarians and 749 vegans and found that ...

In: PLOS ONE 17 (2022), 6, e0268896 | Markus Müssig, Tamara M. Pfeiler, Boris Egloff

Human Wellbeing and Machine Learning

There is a vast literature on the determinants of subjective wellbeing. Yet, standard regression models explain little variation in wellbeing. We here use data from Germany, the UK, and the US to assess the potential of Machine Learning (ML) to help us better understand wellbeing. Compared to traditional models, ML approaches provide moderate improvements in predictive performance. Drastically expanding ...

Oxford: Institute for New Economic Thinking at the Oxford Martin School (INET Oxford), 2022,
(INET Oxford Working Paper No. 2022-11)
| Ekaterina Oparina, Caspar Kaiser, Niccolò Gentile, Alexandre Tkatchenko, Andrew E. Clark, Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, Conchita D'Ambrosio

The fundamental role of tax systems in the relationship between workfare and inequality in the lower half of the income distribution

In recent decades, many affluent democracies moved from traditional welfare states to workfare systems. Meanwhile, income inequality developed differently across countries, even when they made apparently similar shifts from welfare to workfare. It is a matter of debate why welfare state change had such heterogeneous consequences across countries. This article proposes that different incentives to take ...

In: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 80 (2022), 100712 | Barbara Binder, Andreas Haupt

Exposure to Inequality May Cause Under-provision of Public Goods: Experimental Evidence

Economic inequality is rising globally and due to developments in information technologies and globalization, nowadays individuals are more exposed to such an inequality than ever. Recent studies show that exposure to inequality may shape economic decisions. In this article, we test whether contributions in the public goods game are sensitive to information about inequality of personal benefits between ...

In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 92 (2021), 101679, 10 S. | Pablo Brañas-Garza, Elena Molis, Levent Neyse

Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

DIW Discussion Paper 2002 | Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer

Environmental Behaviour and Decision Making - Evidence from Laboratory, Online and Natural Experiments

Tackling climate change and keeping global temperatures from rising by more than 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels is one of the major and most challenging issues that our societies are facing. Households are among the prime contributors to annual greenhouse gas emissions, with twenty percent of emissions being generated by residential energy consumption. Therefore, understanding individual decision-making ...

2022, | Stefano Ceolotto
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