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SOEPpapers 1150 / 2021

The Role of Personality for Gender Gaps in Political Interest and Activity

Women have been found to be, on average, less interested in politics and less politically active than men, which might reduce the representation of women’s interests in a democracy. In order to enhance the understanding of these gender gaps, this preregistered study analyzes the role of personality differences for gender gaps in political interest and activity.I use a large representative sample of ...

2021| Adam Ayaita
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Personality Characteristics and the Decision to Hire

As the policy debate on entrepreneurship increasingly centers on firm growth in terms of job creation, it is important to understand whether the personality of entrepreneurs drives the first hiring in their firms. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we analyze to what extent personality traits influence the probability of becoming an employer. The results indicate that personality matters. ...

In: Industrial and Corporate Change 31 (2022), 3, S. 736–761 | Marco Caliendo, Frank M. Fossen, Alexander S. Kritikos
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Loneliness During a Nationwide Lockdown and the Moderating Effect of Extroversion

Loneliness levels were assessed in a longitudinal, nationwide sample (N total = 6,010) collected over the course of the first 3 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. When in-person social contact restrictions were put in place, loneliness increased significantly compared to prepandemic levels but began to decrease again even before contact restrictions were eased. The loneliness costs were distributed ...

In: Social Psychological and Personality Science (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-09-06] | Theresa M. Entringer, Samuel D. Gosling
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Longitudinal Coupling of Momentary Stress Reactivity and Trait Neuroticism: Specificity of States, Traits, and Age Period

Personality traits like neuroticism show both continuity and change across adolescence and adulthood, with most pronounced changes occurring in young adulthood. It has been assumed, but insufficiently examined, that trait changes occur gradually over the years through the accumulation of daily experiences. The current longitudinal measurement burst study examined (a) how changes in average momentary ...

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 121 (2021), 3, S. 691-706 | Cornelia Wrzus, Gloria Luong, Gert G. Wagner, Michaela Riediger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Leisure Activities as a Driver of Personality Development? A Random-Intercept Cross-lagged Panel Model across 13 Years in Adulthood

Repeated experiences and activities drive personality development. Leisure activities are among the daily routines that may elicit personality change. Yet despite the important role they play in daily life, little is known about their prospective effects on personality traits and vice versa. The objective of this study was to examine the extent to which within-person changes in leisure activities lead ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 7 (2021), 1, 23473, 36 S. | Julia Sander, Paul Schumann, David Richter, Jule Specht
Externe referierte Aufsätze

2D:4D Does Not Predict Economic Preferences: Evidence from a Large, Representative Sample

The digit ratio (2D:4D) is considered a proxy for testosterone exposure in utero, and there has been a recent surge of studies testing whether 2D:4D is associated with economic preferences. Although the results are not conclusive, previous studies have reported statistically significant correlations between 2D:4D and risk taking, altruism, positive reciprocity, negative reciprocity and trust. However, ...

In: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 185 (2021), S. 390-401 | Levent Neyse, Magnus Johannesson, Anna Dreber
Research Project

Rationality and Competition: The Economic Performance of Individuals and Firms

Current Project| Public Economics, German Socio-Economic Panel study
SOEPpapers 1118 / 2021

Emotions and Risk Attitudes

Previous work has shown that preferences are not always stable across time, but surprisingly little is known about the reasons for this instability. I examine whether variation in people’s emotions over time predicts changes in risk attitudes. Using a large panel data set, I identify happiness, anger, and fear as significant correlates of within-person changes in risk attitudes. Robustness checks indicate ...

2021| Armando N. Meier

The Effect of Self-Control on Borrowing: Experimental Evidence

This paper examines the effect of reduced self-control on debt-taking in a laboratory experiment. We manipulate self-control using an ego depletion task and show that it is effective. Following the ego depletion task, participants can anonymously buy hot drinks on credit. We find no significant average effects, but find that treated individuals that have low financial literacy are more likely to buy ...

Munich: Collaborative Research Center Transregio 190, 2020, 36 S. : Anh.
(Discussion paper / Rationality & Competition, CRC TRR 190 ; 264)
| Antonia Grohmann, Jana Hamdan
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Changes in Optimism and Pessimism in Response to Life Events: Evidence from Three Large Panel Studies

Although individuals vary in how optimistic they are about the future, one assumption that researchers make is that optimism is sensitive to changes in life events and circumstances. We examined how optimism and pessimism changed across the lifespan and in response to life events in three large panel studies (combined N = 74,886). In the American and Dutch samples, we found that optimism increased ...

In: Journal of Research in Personality 88 (2021), 103985, 14 S. | William J. Chopik, Jeewon Oh, Eric S. Kim, Ted Schwaba, Michael D. Krämer, David Richter, Jacqui Smith
195 results, from 11