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Externe referierte Aufsätze

Government Spending Multipliers in (Un)certain Times

We estimate the dynamic effects of government spending shocks, using time-varying volatility in US data modeled through a Markov switching process. We find that the average government spending multiplier is significantly and persistently above one, driven by a crowding-in of private consumption and non-residential investment. We rationalize the results empirically through a contemporaneously countercyclical ...

In: Journal of Public Economics 203 (2021), 104513, 18 S. | Jan Philipp Fritsche, Mathias Klein, Malte Rieth
Monographien

Government Spending Multipliers in (Un)certain Times

We estimate the dynamic effects of government spending shocks, using time-varying volatility in US data modeled through a Markov switching process. We find that the average government spending multiplier is significantly and persistently above one, driven by a crowding-in of private consumption and non-residential investment. We rationalize the results empirically through a contemporaneously countercyclical ...

Berlin: DIW Berlin, 2019, 27 S. | Jan Philipp Fritsche, Mathias Klein, Malte Rieth
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The dynamics of informal and formal care supply to parents - a structural model

In this paper, we estimate a structural dynamic discrete choice model of informal as well as formal care provision, retirement and labor supply. The model allows to assess the dynamic consequences of providing informal care or organizing formal care for parents, e.g., due to reduced wages, pension benefits, or benefits from long-term care insurance. Further, it allows to analyze counterfactual...

21.07.2021| Björn Fischer
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

Emergency Aid for the Self-Employed in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Flash in the Pan?

The self-employed are among those facing the highest probability of strong income losses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Governments in many countries introduced support programs to support the self-employed, including the German federal government, which approved a €50bn emergency aid program at the end of March 2020 offering one-off lump-sum payments of up to €15,000 to those facing...

07.05.2021| Caroline Stiel, DIW Berlin
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Equilibrium Effects of Tax Exemptions for Low Pay

Across the world, tax exemptions for jobs with low earnings intend to incite non-participating workers to rejoin the labor market. However, such tax exemptions may also have negative equilibrium effects. The German minijob tax exemption offers a convenient case to identify equilibrium effects as it applies to some but not to other low-wage jobs. We build and estimate a structural job search model with ...

In: Labour Economics 69 (2021), 101976 , 15 S. | Luke Haywood, Michael Neumann
SOEPpapers 1139 / 2021

Why a Labour Market Boom Does Not Necessarily Bring Down Inequality: Putting Together Germany’s Inequality Puzzle

After an economically tough start into the new millennium, Germany experienced an unprecedented employment boom after 2005 only stopped by the COVID-19 pandemic. Persistently high levels of inequality despite a booming labour market and drastically falling unemployment rates constituted a puzzle, suggesting either that the German job miracle mainly benefitted individuals in the mid- or high-income range ...

2021| Martin Biewen, Miriam Sturm
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy – Focus on Electro-intensive Firms

The European Commission commissioned an international consortium including the DIW Berlin with a background study on State aid in the field of environmental protection and energy. The results of the study are meant to support the Commission in the revision of the EU Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy (EEAG). One key focus of the study was to assess the current rules...

21.05.2021| Joanna Piechucka, DIW Berlin
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Political Corruption in the Execution of Public Contracts

This paper presents a novel theoretical framework to explain the occurrence of corruption in public procurement. It extends the agency cost-padding model by Laffont and Tirole (1992) to allow for the principal to be a partially selfish politician who can design the contract auditing policy. It is found that a benevolent politician, by choosing a sufficiently strict auditing, deters the contracting ...

In: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 179 (2020), S. 116-140 | Olga Chiappinelli
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2020

Debt – Blessing or Curse? Editorial

2020| Peter Hennecke, Doris Neuberger, Dorothea Schäfer
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Social Status Concerns and the Political Economy of Publicly Provided Private Goods

We analyse the political economy of the public provision of private goods when individuals care about their social status. Status concerns motivate richer individuals to vote for the public provision of goods they themselves buy in markets: a higher provision level attracts more individuals to the public sector, enhancing the social exclusivity of market purchases. Majority voting may lead to a public ...

In: The Economic Journal 131 (2021), 633, S. 220–246 | Jana Friedrichsen, Tobias König, Tobias Lausen
272 results, from 1
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