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Diskussionspapiere 496 / 2005

Tariffs and Firm-Level Heterogeneous Fixed Export Costs

Recent literature on the workhorse model of intra-industry trade has explored heterogeneous cost structures at the firm level. These approaches have proven to add realism and predictive power. This note shows, however, that this added realism also implies that there may exist a positive bilateral tariff that maximizes national and world welfare. Applying one of the simplest specifications possible, ...

2005| Jan G. Jorgensen, Philipp J. H. Schröder
Press Release

Industrial Development: Germany and France Drifting Apart

The significance of the manufacturing sector for the economies of both the European Union and the euro area has declined dramatically over the past ten years. However, development varied between the individual member states, which is particularly evident in a comparison between Germany and France. The manufacturing industry in Germany was able to maintain its position within the national economy, halting ...

DIW Economic Bulletin 5 / 2012

German Manufacturing Withstands the Rise of Emerging Economies

Between 2000 and 2009, China became the second largest industrialized nation, while manufacturing industries in other emerging and many Eastern European countries also experienced very strong growth. However, Germany was largely able to maintain its share of global industrial output. In 2009, as in 2000, Germany's value added share represented around 6.5 percent. This shows that Germany as an industrial ...

2012| Martin Gornig, Alexander Schiersch
Weekly Report 16 / 2010

Mechanical Engineering: Medium-Sized Companies with Highest Savings Potential

The German mechanical engineering industry, dominated by medium-sized companies, is greatly successful - both on the domestic and on the international market. A first analysis conducted by DIW Berlin reveals that this success cannot be attributed to a better exploitation of potential efficiencies - mechanical engineering is about as efficient as other key sectors (for instance the chemical industry). ...

2010| Alexander S. Kritikos, Alexander Schiersch
Diskussionspapiere 949 / 2009

Inefficiency in the German Mechanical Engineering Sector

This paper aims to examine the relative efficiency of German engineering firms using a sample of roughly 23,000 observations between 1995 and 2004. As these firms had been successful in the examination period in terms of output- and export-growth, it is expected that a majority of firms is operating quite efficiently and that the density of efficiency scores is skewed to the left. Moreover, as the ...

2009| Alexander Schiersch
Diskussionspapiere 149 / 1997

The Computer Software Industry in East and West: Do Eastern European Countries Need a Specific Science and Technology Policy?

National science and technology (S&T) systems are often mentioned as a condition for competitiveness of high technology sectors. Therefore, public S&T policies should actively support the development of national S&T systems. In particular in Eastern Europe an active S&T policy is often demanded to support the development of the supposed domestic "high technology potential". This paper shows that this ...

1997| Jürgen Bitzer
Diskussionspapiere 1686 / 2017

Competition between For-Profit and Industry Labels: The Case of Social Labels in the Coffee Market

We model strategic interaction on a market where two labeling organizations compete and firms in duopoly decide which labels to offer. The incumbent label maximizes its own profit, and is challenged by an industry standard which maximizes industry profit. Using a nested logit, the result of this multi-stage game depends crucially on the degree of horizontal differentiation. Joint firm profit always ...

2017| Pio Baake, Helene Naegele
DIW Economic Bulletin 28/29 / 2017

Clean Drinking Water as a Sustainable Development Goal: Fair, Universal Access with Increasing Block Tariffs

One focus of the G20 Summit in Hamburg in July 2017 was the United Nations’ sustainable development goals, including those set for the water sector. Despite progress, around 800 million people worldwide do not have adequate access to drinking water. Increasing block tariffs are an instrument widely used to support access to drinking water for poorer segments of the population. With this system, the ...

2017| Christian von Hirschhausen, Maya Flekstad, Georg Meran, Greta Sundermann
Diskussionspapiere 1635 / 2017

Upstream Monopoly and Downstream Information Sharing

We analyze a vertical structure with an upstream monopoly and two downstream retailers. Demand is uncertain but each retailer receives an informative private signal about the state of the demand. We construct an incentive compatible and ex ante balanced mechanism which induces the retailers to share their information truthfully. Information sharing can be profitable for the retailers but is likely ...

2017| Pio Baake, Andreas Harasser
Diskussionspapiere 1533 / 2015

Flipping Journals to Open: Rethinking Publishing Infrastructure

Open access means that research outputs, such as articles and data, are free of restrictions on access and free of restrictions on use. In the light of recent market developments in academic publishing, we argue in this essay that the discourse about open access must include a discussion about research infrastructure and innovation in academic publishing.

2015| Benedikt Fecher, Gert G. Wagner
210 results, from 131