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1055 results, from 1021

Inequality and Happiness: When Perceived Social Mobility and Economic Reality Do Not Match

München: CESifo, 2010, 41 S.
(CESifo Working Papers ; 3216)
| Christian Bjørnskov, Axel Dreher, Justina A. V. Fischer, Jan Schnellenbach
Diskussionspapiere 1057 / 2010

Profitability of Pension Contributions: Evidence from Real-Life Employment Biographies

Micro-econometric intra-cohort profitability analyses of pay-as-you-go (PAYG) pension contributions are rare. We use representative employment histories of a birth cohort of German PAYG pension insurants retiring in year 2005 to econometrically examine the determinants of the profitability of such contributions using nominal internal rates of return (IRR) as profitability measure. When future nominal ...

2010| Carsten Schröder
Diskussionspapiere 1015 / 2010

Does Employer Learning Vary by Occupation?

Models in which employers learn about the productivity of young workers, such as Altonji and Pierret (2001), have two principal implications: First, the distribution of wages becomes more dispersed as a cohort of workers gains experience; second, the coefficient on a variable that employers initially do not observe, such as the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score, grows with experience. If ...

2010| Hani Mansour
SOEPpapers 293 / 2010

Changes in the Gender Wage Gap in Germany during a Period of Rising Wage Inequality 1999-2006: Was it Discrimination in the Returns to Human Capital?

In this article I analyze the changes in the gender wage gap in the western region, eastern region and in reunified Germany during the period 1999 - 2006. I use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and implement two alternative decomposition methodologies; the Juhn, Murphy and Pierce (1991) decomposition, and a methodology that totally differences the Oaxaca-Blinder (1973) decomposition, found ...

2010| Usamah Fayez Al-Farhan

The Individual and the Welfare State: Life Histories in Europe

Berlin [u.a.]: Springer, 2011, XX, 285 S. | Axel Börsch-Supan, Martina Brandt, Karsten Hank, Mathis Schröder (Eds.)
SOEPpapers 365 / 2011

How Important Is the Family? Evidence from Sibling Correlations in Permanent Earnings in the US, Germany and Denmark

This paper is the first to analyze intergenerational economic mobility based on sibling correlations in permanent earnings in Germany and to provide a cross-country comparison of Germany, Denmark, and the US. The main findings are as follows: the importance of family and community background in Germany is higher than in Denmark and comparable to that in the US. This holds true for brothers and sisters. ...

2011| Daniel D. Schnitzlein
SOEPpapers 350 / 2010

Broke, Ill, and Obese: The Effect of Household Debt on Health

We analyze the effect of household indebtedness on different health outcomes using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel from 1999-2009. To establish a causal effect, we rely on (a) fixed-effects methods, (b) a subsample of constantly employed individuals, and (c) lagged debt variables to rule out problems of reverse causality. We apply different measures of household indebtedness, such as the ...

2010| Matthias Keese, Hendrik Schmitz
SOEPpapers 235 / 2009

Modelling State Dependence and Feedback Effects between Poverty, Employment and Parental Home Emancipation among European Youth

Youth is one of the phases in the life-cycle when some of the most decisive life transitions take place. Entering the labour market or leaving parental home are events with important consequences for the economic well-being of young adults. In this paper, the interrelationship between employment, residential emancipation and poverty dynamics is studied for eight European countries by means of an econometric ...

2009| Sara Ayllón
SOEPpapers 230 / 2009

Children, Happiness and Taxation

Empirical analyses on the determinants of life satisfaction often include the impact of the number of children variable among controls without fully discriminating between its two (socio-relational and pecuniary) components. In our empirical analysis on the German Socioeconomic Panel we show that, when introducing household income without correction for the number of members, the pecuniary effect prevails ...

2009| Leonardo Becchetti, Elena Giachin Ricca, Alessandra Pelloni
SOEPpapers 226 / 2009

Marital Risk, Family Insurance, and Public Policy

The present paper aims to quantify the growth and welfare consequences of changing family structures in western societies. For this reason we develop a dynamic general equilibrium model with both genders which takes into account changes of the marital status as a stochastic process. Individuals respond to these shocks by adjusting savings and labor supply. Our quantitative results indicate that the ...

2009| Hans Fehr, Manuel Kallweit, Fabian Kindermann
1055 results, from 1021