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SOEPpapers 1157 / 2022

Income-Dependent Equivalence Scales and Choice Theory: Implications for Poverty Measurement

Income-Dependent Equivalence Scales and Choice Theory: Implications for Poverty MeasurementEquivalence Scales are a tool for removing the heterogeneity of household sizes in the measurement of inequality, and affect poverty assessments and poverty lines. We address the disadvantage that poor households may suffer due to their reduced ability to share goods within the household. This disadvantage is ...

2022| Christos Koulovatianos, Carsten Schröder
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Prejudice in Disguise: Which Features Determine the Subtlety of Ethnically Prejudicial Statements?

In current immigration debates ethnic prejudice is often expressed in a subtle manner, which conceals its xenophobic content. However, previous research has only insufficiently examined the specific features that make certain ethnically prejudicial statements subtler, i.e., less readily identifiable as xenophobic, than others. The current study employs an experimental factorial survey design and assesses ...

In: Journal of Social and Political Psychology 9 (2021), 1, S. 187–206 | Karolina Fetz, Martin Kroh
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Redistribution and Insurance in Welfare States around the World

Redistribution across individuals within the framework of a one-year period is an empirically intensely studied question. However, a substantial share of annual redistribution might turn out to serve individual insurance in a longer perspective, reducing the level of actual redistribution across individuals. In this paper, we investigate to what extent long-run redistribution diverges from annual redistribution ...

In: The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 123 (2021), 4, S. 1116-1158 | Charlotte Bartels, Dirk Neumann
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How Often Have You Felt Disadvantaged? Explaining Perceived Discrimination

Im Rahmen einer Längsschnittanalyse des sozio-oekonomischen Panels gehen wir der Frage nach, wie sich Diskriminierungswahrnehmungen von Einwanderern und ihren Nachkommen im Laufe des Integrationsprozesses verändern. Insgesamt betrachtet fühlen sich Migrantinnen und Migranten, deren Integration weiter fortgeschritten ist, seltener aufgrund ihrer Herkunft benachteiligt. Allerdings zeigen gruppenspezifische ...

In: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 73 (2021), 1, S.1–24 | Claudia Diehl, Elisabeth Liebau, Peter Mühlau

The German Minimum Wage and Wage Growth: Heterogeneous Treatment Effects Using Causal Forests

Previous research suggests that minimum wages induce heterogeneous treatment effects on wages across different groups of employees. This research usually defines groups \textit{ex ante}. We analyze to what extent effect heterogeneities can be discerned in a data-driven manner by adapting the generalized random forest implementation of Athey et al (2019) in a difference-in-differences setting. Such ...

SSRN, 2020, 37 S.
(SSRN Papers)
| Patrick Burauel, Carsten Schroeder

The Distribution of Wealth in Germany 1895-2018

This paper presents the first comprehensive study of the long-run evolution of wealth inequality in Germany. We combine tax data, surveys, national accounts and rich lists to study the distribution of wealth in Germany from 1895 to 2018. We show that the concentration of wealth in the hands of the top 1% has fallen by half, from close to 50% in 1895 to less than 25% today. The interwar period as well ...

Bonn: EconTribute, 2020, 68 S.
(EconTribute Policy Brief ; 001)
| Thilo N. H. Albers, Charlotte Bartels, Moritz Schularick

Long-Term Effects of Equal Sharing: Evidence from Inheritance Rules for Land

What are the long-term economic effects of a more equal distribution of wealth? We exploit variation in historical inheritance rules for land traversing political, linguistic, geological, and religious borders in Germany. In some German areas, inherited land was to be shared or divided equally among children, while in others land was ruled to be indivisible. Using a geographic regression discontinuity ...

Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020, 55 S.
(NBER Working Paper Series ; 28230)
| Charlotte Bartels, Simon Jäger, Natalie Obergruber

Income, Consumption and Wealth Inequality in Germany: Three Concepts, Three Stories?

Given how controversially inequality is still being discussed by both academics and policy makers in Germany, we discuss methodological issues related to the measurement of inequalities and review the literature and empirical estimates of different forms of inequality. One important issue is the choice of the measure of well-being: the central measures discussed are household equivalent disposable ...

Berlin: Forum for a New Economy, 2020, 25 S.
(Forum New Economy Basic Papers ; 2)
| Charlotte Bartels, Carsten Schroeder
Externe referierte Aufsätze

A Tale of Two Countries: The Long Shadow of the Crisis on Income and Wealth in Germany and Italy

In: Journal of Modern European History 19 (2021), 1, S. 33-39 | Charlotte Bartels, Salvatore Morelli
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Care and Careers: Gender (In)Equality in Unpaid Care, Housework and Employment

This article examines whether reducing care and housework duties and redistributing them within different-sex couples could further enhance gender equality on the labor market in terms of labor market participation for different employment types and actual working hours. Women around the world perform the majority of unpaid care and housework, with a large and persistent gap to men. Most research explains ...

In: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 77 (2022), 100659, 14 S. | Claire Samtleben, Kai-Uwe Müller
1055 results, from 11