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SOEPpapers 1147 / 2021

How Causal Is Separation? Lessons Learnt from Endogenous Switching Regression Models for Single Mothers’ Economic Strain in Germany

Single mothers often experience precarious financial conditions. However, it is not fully understood to what extent separation is the cause of these conditions versus being their consequence. Estimating an endogenous switching regression model based on a sample of 626 separated and 5,525 non-separated mothers drawn from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 1984-2018, we disentangle the roles of causation ...

2021| Antonia Birkeneder, Christina Boll
Diskussionspapiere 1957 / 2021

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

This paper examines how culture impacts within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture (East Germany) to those in a gender-traditional culture (West Germany). Using a household panel, I show that the long-run child penalty on the female income share is 26.9 percentage ...

2021| Jonas Jessen
Diskussionspapiere 1932 / 2021

The Importance of Mothers-in-Law's Employment for Their Daughter-in-Law's Labour Market Outcomes in West-Germany: Results and Mechanisms

Social norms have been put forward as prominent explanations for the changing labour supply decisions of women. This paper studies the intergenerational formation of these norms, examining how they affect subsequent female labour supply decisions, taking into account not only the early socialization of women but also that of their partner. Using large representative panel data sets from West Germany, ...

2021| Sophia Schmitz, C. Katharina Spieß
Zeitungs- und Blogbeiträge

Few Top Positions in Economics Are Held by Women

In: (15.02.2021), [Online-Artikel] | Philip Hanspach, Virginia Sondergeld, Jess Palka
DIW Weekly Report 5/6 / 2021

LGBTQI* People in Germany Face Staggering Health Disparities

Discrimination and rejection experienced by LGBTQI* people affect their mental health and, in the long term, their physical health as well. Survey data from the Socio-Economic Panel and Bielefeld University show that LGBTQI* people in Germany are affected by negative mental health outcomes three to four times more often than the rest of the population. Poor physical health that may be stress-related, ...

2021| David Kasprowski, Mirjam Fischer, Xiao Chen, Lisa de Vries, Martin Kroh, Simon Kühne, David Richter, Zaza Zindel

A Firm-Side Perspective on Parental Leave

Motherhood and parental leave interrupt employment relationships, likely imposing costs on firms. We document that mothers who are difficult to replace internally take shorter leave and that their firms hire replacements more often. Introducing more generous parental leave benefits erases the link between mothers' internal replaceability and their leave duration. In firms with few internal substitutes ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 51 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14478)
| Mathias Huebener, Jonas Jessen, Daniel Kühnle, Michael Oberfichtner
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Sexual and Gender Minority (SGM) Research Meets Household Panel Surveys: Research Potentials of the German Socio-Economic Panel and Its Boost Sample of SGM Households

There are numerous challenges to studying structural inequality in sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations, from the difficulty of obtaining a representative sample to issues comparing data across populations. This data brief illustrates how the largest household panel survey in Germany, the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), and its recent nationwide boost sample of SGM households, Sample Q, ...

In: European Sociological Review 38 (2022), 2, S. 321-335 | Mirjam M. Fischer, Martin Kroh, Lisa De Vries, David Kasprowski, Simon Kühne, David Richter, Zaza Zindel
DIW Weekly Report 9/10 / 2022

Justice Profiles in Europe: Major Differences in Evaluation of Inequality

European societies have been experiencing growing income and wealth inequalities over the past few decades, and, accordingly, they are a topic of intense discussion. Although the population’s evaluation of inequalities as just or unjust is important for designing social policies, there has been little research on this evaluation. To close this gap, we use justice evaluations of income and wealth in ...

2022| Cristóbal Moya, Jule Adriaans
Diskussionspapiere 1941 / 2021

Employment Responses to Income Effect: Evidence from Pension Reform

For the design of the pension system, it is crucial to disentangle the employment responses related to the substitution effect and the income effect. In this paper, we provide causal evidence regarding the importance of the income effect, which is generally assumed to be small or non-existent. We exploit a pension reform in Germany that raised pension bene- fits related to children. For the identification, ...

2021| Sebastian Becker, Hermann Buslei, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan
Diskussionspapiere 1969 / 2021

Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax-benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual's earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

2021| Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
573 results, from 21