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SOEPpapers 1147 / 2021

How Causal Is Separation? Lessons Learnt from Endogenous Switching Regression Models for Single Mothers’ Economic Strain in Germany

Single mothers often experience precarious financial conditions. However, it is not fully understood to what extent separation is the cause of these conditions versus being their consequence. Estimating an endogenous switching regression model based on a sample of 626 separated and 5,525 non-separated mothers drawn from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 1984-2018, we disentangle the roles of causation ...

2021| Antonia Birkeneder, Christina Boll
Externe referierte Aufsätze

COVID-19 Associated Contact Restrictions in Germany: Marked Decline in Children’s Outpatient Visits for Infectious Diseases without Increasing Visits for Mental Health Disorders

Children have a low risk for severe COVID-19 infections, but indirect consequences of the pandemic may affect their health. We evaluated nationwide data on children’s outpatient visits before and during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. Data from the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians for all children with statutory health insurance and at least one physician’s ...

In: Children 8 (2021), 9, 728, 9 S. | Mara Barschkett, Berthold Koletzko, C. Katharina Spiess
Diskussionspapiere 1957 / 2021

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

This paper examines how culture impacts within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture (East Germany) to those in a gender-traditional culture (West Germany). Using a household panel, I show that the long-run child penalty on the female income share is 26.9 percentage ...

2021| Jonas Jessen
SOEPpapers 1118 / 2021

Emotions and Risk Attitudes

Previous work has shown that preferences are not always stable across time, but surprisingly little is known about the reasons for this instability. I examine whether variation in people’s emotions over time predicts changes in risk attitudes. Using a large panel data set, I identify happiness, anger, and fear as significant correlates of within-person changes in risk attitudes. Robustness checks indicate ...

2021| Armando N. Meier
SOEPpapers 1126 / 2021

Trade Shocks, Fertility, and Marital Behavior

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we analyze the effects of exposure to trade on the fertility and marital behavior of German workers. We find that individuals working in sectors that were more affected by import competition from Eastern Europe and suffered worse labor market outcomes were less likely to have children. In contrast, workers in sectors that benefited from increased ...

2021| Osea Giuntella, Lorenzo Rotunno, Luca Stella
Diskussionspapiere 1932 / 2021

The Importance of Mothers-in-Law's Employment for Their Daughter-in-Law's Labour Market Outcomes in West-Germany: Results and Mechanisms

Social norms have been put forward as prominent explanations for the changing labour supply decisions of women. This paper studies the intergenerational formation of these norms, examining how they affect subsequent female labour supply decisions, taking into account not only the early socialization of women but also that of their partner. Using large representative panel data sets from West Germany, ...

2021| Sophia Schmitz, C. Katharina Spieß

A Firm-Side Perspective on Parental Leave

Motherhood and parental leave interrupt employment relationships, likely imposing costs on firms. We document that mothers who are difficult to replace internally take shorter leave and that their firms hire replacements more often. Introducing more generous parental leave benefits erases the link between mothers' internal replaceability and their leave duration. In firms with few internal substitutes ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 51 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14478)
| Mathias Huebener, Jonas Jessen, Daniel Kühnle, Michael Oberfichtner
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Sexual and Gender Minority (SGM) Research Meets Household Panel Surveys: Research Potentials of the German Socio-Economic Panel and Its Boost Sample of SGM Households

There are numerous challenges to studying structural inequality in sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations, from the difficulty of obtaining a representative sample to issues comparing data across populations. This data brief illustrates how the largest household panel survey in Germany, the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), and its recent nationwide boost sample of SGM households, Sample Q, ...

In: European Sociological Review 38 (2022), 2, S. 321-335 | Mirjam M. Fischer, Martin Kroh, Lisa De Vries, David Kasprowski, Simon Kühne, David Richter, Zaza Zindel
Diskussionspapiere 1941 / 2021

Employment Responses to Income Effect: Evidence from Pension Reform

For the design of the pension system, it is crucial to disentangle the employment responses related to the substitution effect and the income effect. In this paper, we provide causal evidence regarding the importance of the income effect, which is generally assumed to be small or non-existent. We exploit a pension reform in Germany that raised pension bene- fits related to children. For the identification, ...

2021| Sebastian Becker, Hermann Buslei, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Time Spent on School-Related Activities at Home During the Pandemic: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Group Inequality among Secondary School Students

Substantial educational inequalities have been documented in Germany for decades. In this article, we examine whether educational inequalities among children have increased or remained the same since the school closures of spring 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our perspective is longitudinal: We compare the amount of time children in secondary schools spent on school-related activities at home ...

In: Frontiers in Psychology 12 (2021), 705107, 10 S. | Sabine Zinn, Michael Bayer
777 results, from 21