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Monographien

The Productivity Puzzle in Business Services

In Germany, the productivity of professional services, a sector dominated by micro and small firms, declined by 40 percent between 1995 and 2014. This productivity decline also holds true for professional services in other European countries. Using a German firm-level dataset of 700,000 observations between 2003 and 2017, we analyze this largely uncovered phenomenon among professional services, the ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 37 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14610)
| Alexander S. Kritikos, Alexander Schiersch, Caroline Stiel
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Freedom Gas to Europe: Scenarios Analyzed Using the Global Gas Model

State-of-the-art, open access numerical modeling of imperfectly competitive energy markets offers a sound and transparent way to address topical research questions in energy and commodity markets. We use an open access equilibrium model, the Global Gas Model (GGM), and sector-specific, politically motivated scenarios to investigate the prospects for sales of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from the U.S. ...

In: Research in International Business and Finance 58 (2021), 101460, 15 S. | Ruud Egging-Bratseth, Franziska Holz, Victoria Czempinski
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

The rise of common ownership: Europe vs the US

Common ownership - when an investor holds shares in two companies - has recently attracted significant attention from policy-makers and researchers, studying mainly US firms. European firms, however, are different as top investors with large stakes, like governments, founding families and foundations are much more prevalent. This paper takes a well-known common ownership measure derived from...

05.03.2021| Nuria Boot, DIW Berlin and KU Leuven
DIW Weekly Report 14/15/16 / 2022

ECB Can Lower Fuel and Heating Costs by Increasing Interest Rates but Would Risk Economic Recovery

Inflation has been growing considerably since the middle of 2021, with rising energy prices driving the increase in particular. Since the end of February 2022, the trend has also been exacerbated by the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine. To keep prices stable, the European Central Bank must rein in its accommodative monetary policy. However, would doing so—by enacting an interest rate increase, for ...

2022| Gökhan Ider, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Frederik Kurcz
DIW Weekly Report 9/10 / 2022

Justice Profiles in Europe: Major Differences in Evaluation of Inequality

European societies have been experiencing growing income and wealth inequalities over the past few decades, and, accordingly, they are a topic of intense discussion. Although the population’s evaluation of inequalities as just or unjust is important for designing social policies, there has been little research on this evaluation. To close this gap, we use justice evaluations of income and wealth in ...

2022| Cristóbal Moya, Jule Adriaans
Diskussionspapiere 1969 / 2021

Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax-benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual's earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

2021| Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
DIW Weekly Report 35/36 / 2021

Labor-Intensive Firms Are a Catalyst for Monetary Policy and Its Distributive Effects

The mandate of the European Central Bank’s monetary policy is to ensure price stability. Interest rate changes by the ECB affect labor costs and the value added of firms. If both dimensions are not equally affected, monetary policy has a distributive effect between workers and shareholders. Balance sheet data from over two million companies in the euro area show that the labor costs in labor-intensive ...

2021| Jan Philipp Fritsche
Monographien

Study on the Possibility to Set Up a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism on Selected Sectors: Final Report

Brussels: European Union, 2021, 222 S. | [Xavier Le Den, Hubert Fallmann, Benjamin Görlach, Roland Ismer, Karsten Neuhoff, Jan Stede, Jacob Steinmann]
Externe referierte Aufsätze

To Ban or Not to Ban Carbon-Intensive Materials: A Legal and Administrative Assessment of Product Carbon Requirements

By setting near-zero-emission requirements for the production of certain products to be sold on the European single market (product carbon requirements, PCRs), the European Union could accelerate the phase-out of carbon-intensive production processes.The announcement of such requirements would send a signal to producers,financing institutions and other relevant stakeholders, thus incentivizing them ...

In: Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law 30 (2021), 2, S. 249-262 | Timo Gerres, Manuel Haussner, Karsten Neuhoff, Alice Pirlot
Monographien

Low for Long: Side Effects of Negative Interest Rates: Study Requested by the ECON committee

Policy rate cuts in negative territory have increased credit supply and improved the macroeconomic environment similar to cuts in positive territory. Dreaded disruptions to the monetary policy transmission channels as well as adverse side effects on bank profitability have so far largely failed to materialise. Thus, the evidence available today shows that the negative interest rate policy is an effective ...

Bruxelles: European Parliament, 2021, 37 S.
(Monetary Dialogue Papers ; June 2021)
| Justus Inhoffen, Atanas Pekanov, Thomas Url
1045 results, from 21
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