This thesis presents three essays that address policy-relevant issues in the field of labour economics and migration. While the essays are independent from each other, they offer policy conclusions based on empirical evidence and quasi-experimental designs. Through the lens of quantitive analysis, I investigate how these policies interacted with and affected their own complex environments. In the first ...
| Emanuele Albarosa
Abstract Ostracism—being excluded and ignored—is commonly investigated in experimental settings, leaving specific societal risk groups greatly unexplored. Here, we examined whether individuals’ employment status and age affect ostracism frequency and outsider feelings. Using panel data from two countries, we find that especially younger unemployed (vs. younger employed or older unemployed) adults report ...
European Journal of Social Psychology
(online first) (2023),
| Elianne A. Albath, Christiane M. Büttner, Selma C. Rudert, Chris G. Sibley, Rainer Greifeneder
It is well established that women have lower income and wealth levels than men. These inequalities are most pronounced within heterosexual couples and grow once partners get married and have children. Nevertheless, equality in controlling money within couples is highly valued and might ameliorate women’s disadvantages in income and wealth ownership. Previous research has focused on explaining gender ...
11 (2023), 1, 187-199
| Agnieszka Althaber, Kathrin Leuze, Ramona Künzel
To a large extent health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a product of life-course experiences. Therefore, we examined employment, marital, and reproductive life-course typologies as predictors of HRQoL in women and men. To determine life course clusters, sequence and cluster analysis were performed on the annual (waves 1990–2019) employment, marital, and children in household states of the German ...
Applied Research in Quality of Life
(online first) (2022),
| Laura Altweck, Stefanie Hahm, Silke Schmidt, Christine Ulke, Toni Fleischer, Claudia Helmert, Sven Speerforck, Georg Schomerus, Manfred E. Beutel, Elmar Brähler, Holger Muehlan
Much economic analysis derives policy recommendations based on social welfare criteria intended to model the preferences of a policy maker. Yet, little is known about policy maker’s normative views in a way amenable to this use. In a behavioral experiment, we elicit German legislators’ social welfare criteria unconfounded by political economy constraints. When resolving preference conflicts across ...
(CESifo Working Paper No. 10329)
| Sandro Ambuehl, Sebastian Blesse, Philipp Doerrenberg, Christoph Feldhaus, Axel Ockenfels
Diese Arbeit nutzt eine Reform, welche die Anerkennung ausländischer Berufsqualifikationen für Zuwanderer aus nicht-EU Staaten in Deutschland erleichterte. Die Untersuchung detaillierter administrativer Daten zur Sozialsicherung und Befragungsdaten mit Hilfe eines Difference-in-Difference Designs ergab, dass die Reform den Anteil der Zuwanderer aus nicht-EU Ländern mit einer Anerkennung ihrer Berufsqualifikation ...
Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB),
(IAB-Discussion Paper 11/2022)
| Silke Anger, Jacopo Bassetto, Malte Sandner
Background: Previous research suggests that romantic relationships play a crucial role for perceived control. However, we know surprisingly little about changes in perceived control before and after the end of romantic relationships. Methods: Based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), a nationally representative household panel study from Germany, we examined changes of perceived control ...
17 (2022), 8, e0268598
| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
Subjective well-being tends to be higher in leaders vs. non-leaders. However, do these differences come from selection effects (e.g., because higher subjective well-being predisposes for occupational success) or from within-person well-being changes before and after becoming a leader? This question remains largely unresolved. Previous research suggests that becoming a leader might be a double-edged ...
Journal of Happiness Studies
24 (2023), 3, 1037-1058
| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
Over the past decades, the share of very young children in daycare has increased significantly in many OECD countries, including Germany. Despite the relevance of child health for child development and later life success, the effect of early daycare attendance on health has received little attention in the economic literature. In this study, I investigate the impact of a large daycare expansion in ...
DIW Discussion Paper 2028 | Mara Barschkett
Minimum wages are increasingly discussed as an instrument against (in-work) poverty and income inequality in Europe. Just recently the German government opted for a substantial ad-hoc increase of the minimum-wage level to €12 per hour mentioning poverty prevention as an explicit goal. We use the introduction of the federal minimum wage in Germany in 2015 to study its redistributive impact on disposable ...
Journal of European Social Policy
33 (2023), 2, S. 216-232
| Teresa Backhaus, Kai-Uwe Müller