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Topic Inequality

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138 results, from 1
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Parental Leave and Discrimination on the Labor Market

23.06.2021| Katharina Wrohlich
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Social Mobility and Economic Development

We explore the role of social mobility as driver of economic development. First, we draw the geography of intergenerational mobility of education for 52 Latin American regions, as well as its evolution over time. Then, through a novel weighting procedure that considers the aggregate participation of cohorts to the economy in every year, we estimate the effect of changes in mobility on economic...

28.05.2021| Guido Neidhöfer, ZEW
Research Project

Unequal ageing: life-expectancy, care needs and reforms to the welfare state

The main objective of this project is to analyse how inequalities in old age have developed over time and birth cohorts, to what extent public policies have influenced these trends, and to assess the potential of sociopolitical reforms to reduce such inequalities. This project analyses and compares data and sociopolitical reforms (retirement and longterm care) from North America (Canada), Western...

Current Project| Public Economics
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

This paper examines how culture determines within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture to those in a gender-traditional culture. The long-run penalty on the female income share is 30.9% in West German couples, compared to 18.3% in East German...

17.02.2021| Jonas Jessen
DIW Weekly Report 44/45 / 2021

Need for Long-Term Care Depends on Social Standing

The poor have a significantly shorter life expectancy than the wealthy. Using data from the Socio-Economic Panel, this Weekly Report shows that poorer people become in need of care earlier in life and more often. In addition, blue-collar workers have a higher risk of requiring care than civil servants, as do people with high job strain compared to those with low job strain. The risk of dependence on ...

2021| Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Hannes Kröger, Maximilian Schaller
DIW Weekly Report 27/28 / 2021

Real Estate Taxation Reform: Tax Land Values, Abolish Privileges

Real estate is taxed at comparatively low rates in Germany, with primarily the affluent benefiting from numerous existing tax privileges. This Weekly Report describes the current state of real estate taxation in Germany and outlines reform proposals that could increase tax revenue, improve the efficiency of the tax system, and reduce wealth and income inequality. In the case of property tax, value-based ...

2021| Stefan Bach, Sebastian Eichfelder
DIW Weekly Report 9 / 2021

Gender Pay Gap in a European Comparison: Positive Correlation between the Female Labor Force Participation Rate and the Gender Pay Gap

Public interest in the gender pay gap has risen significantly over the past years in Germany, but the size of the gender pay gap has barely changed. A comparison across European countries shows that a lower female labor force participation rate is associated with a smaller gender pay gap. The gender differences in the characteristics of the labor force, which vary across countries, are one explanation ...

2021| Julia Schmieder, Katharina Wrohlich
Zeitungs- und Blogbeiträge

Few Top Positions in Economics Are Held by Women

In: VoxEU.org (15.02.2021), [Online-Artikel] | Philip Hanspach, Virginia Sondergeld, Jess Palka
DIW Weekly Report 40 / 2021

20 Years of the Riester Pension - Personal Retirement Provision Requires Reform

Introduced 20 years ago as a part of the 2001 pension reform, the Riester pension is meant to function as an essential component of the German pension system with the aim of compensating for decreasing public pensions. However, data collected by the SOEP show that this objective has not yet been achieved. For ten years, use of the Riester pension plan has been stagnating at around 25 percent of the ...

2021| Johannes Geyer, Markus M. Grabka, Peter Haan
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Nonparametric Regression with Selectively Missing Covariates

We consider the problem of regression with selectively observed covariates in a nonparametric framework. Our approach relies on instrumental variables that explain variation in the latent covariates but have no direct effect on selection. The regression function of interest is shown to be a weighted version of observed conditional expectation where the weighting function is a fraction of selection ...

In: Journal of Econometrics 223 (2021), 1, S. 28-52 | Christoph Breunig, Peter Haan
138 results, from 1
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