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Topic Inequality

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  • DIW Weekly Report 38 / 2019

    Gender Quotas in a European Comparison: Tough Sanctions Most Effective

    Women remain significantly underrepresented in the top decision-making bodies in the private sector. Over the past few years, increasingly more European countries have introduced statutory gender quotas to combat this underrepresentation. Other European countries have instead relied on voluntary gender diversity recommendations in the national corporate governance codes. Statutory gender quotas are ...

    2019| Paula Arndt, Katharina Wrohlich
  • DIW Weekly Report 34/35 / 2018

    Differences in Full-Time Work Experience Explain almost a Quarter of the Gender Pay Gap in Management Positions

    Women still earn less than men on average in Germany. This applies to management positions even more: between 2010 and 2016, there was an average gender pay gap of 30 percent in gross hourly earnings. If gender-specific differences in relevant wage determinants are excluded, a pay gap of 11 percent remains. With seven percentage points, full-time work experience explains the gender pay gap to almost ...

    2018| Elke Holst, Anne Marquardt
  • Diskussionspapiere 1747 / 2018

    Does Subsidized Care for Toddlers Increase Maternal Labor Supply? Evidence from a Large-Scale Expansion of Early Childcare

    Expanding public or publicly subsidized childcare has been a top social policy priority in many industrialized countries. It is supposed to increase fertility, promote children's development and enhance mothers' labor market attachment. In this paper, we analyze the causal effect of one of the largest expansions of subsidized childcare for children up to three years among industrialized countries on ...

    2018| Kai-Uwe Müller, Katharina Wrohlich
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Family Working-Time Model: Towards More Gender Equality in Work and Care

    Since the millennium, the labour market participation of women and mothers is increasing across European countries. Several work/care policy measures underlie this evolution. At the same time, the labour market behaviour of fathers, as well as their involvement in care work, is relatively unchanging, meaning that employed mothers are facing an increased burden with respect to gainful employment and ...

    In: Journal of European Social Policy 28 (2018), 5, S. 471-486 | Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann, Katharina Wrohlich
  • Diskussionspapiere 1717 / 2018

    Looking for the Missing Rich: Tracing the Top Tail of the Wealth Distribution

    We analyze the top tail of the wealth distribution in Germany, France, and Spain based on the first and second wave of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). Since top wealth is likely to be underrepresented in household surveys, we integrate big fortunes from rich lists, estimate a Pareto distribution, and impute the missing rich. In addition to the Forbes list, we rely on national rich ...

    2018| Stefan Bach, Andreas Thiemann, Aline Zucco
  • Economic Bulletin

    There is a lot left to do to reach gender equality in Germany: Editorial by Katharina Wrohlich

    In Germany, four political parties are currently struggling to forge a mutual platform of government. In the wake of the last election, the share of female MPs in the German parliament, the Bundestag, declined significantly. Gender equality nevertheless needs to play a central role in the new government program. On the labor market, gender equality is still a faraway goal. The same is also true for ...

    26.10.2017| Katharina Wrohlich
  • Economic Bulletin

    Gender pay gap varies greatly by occupation

    The German labor market is characterized by marked occupational segregation between women and men. The median earnings in female dominated occupations are lower than those in male dominated professions. This is one of the reasons for the gender pay gap. However, there are also large differences in earnings between men and women within occupations. These profession-specific gender pay gaps are smaller ...

    26.10.2017| Katharina Wrohlich, Aline Zucco
  • Economic Bulletin

    Top decision-making bodies in large companies: gender quota shows initial impact on supervisory boards; executive board remains a male bastion

    The gender quota for supervisory boards that has been mandatory since January 2016 has shown an initial impact. According to DIW Berlin’s Women Executives Barometer, at the end of 2016, there were more women on the supervisory boards of the 106 companies subject to the statutory quota than one year before. Their proportion increased by a solid four percentage points to more than 27 percent. ...

    20.01.2017| Elke Holst, Katharina Wrohlich
  • Report

    Financial sector: Banks fall behind and now have a lower proportion of women on executive and advisory boards than insurance companies

    Women are still in the clear minority among the financial sector’s top decision-making bodies. According to DIW Berlin’s Women Executives Barometer, at the end of 2016, 21 percent of the supervisory and administrative board members of the 100 largest banks were female. The number has stagnated compared to last year. Since 2010, when the discussion about the gender quota for supervisory ...

    20.01.2017| Elke Holst, Katharina Wrohlich
  • DIW Economic Bulletin 43 / 2017

    There Is a Lot Left to Do to Reach Gender Equality in Germany: Editorial

    2017| Katharina Wrohlich
42 results, from 31