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Topic Research and Development

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176 results, from 81
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    R&D Efficiency and Barriers to Entry: A Two Stage Semi-Parametric DEA Approach

    This paper assesses the relative efficiency of knowledge production in the OECD using a nonparametric DEA approach. In general, resources allocated to R&D are limited and therefore must be used efficiently, given the institutional and legal constraints. The efficiency scores presented are based on an intertemporal frontier estimation for the period 1995 to 2004. We analyse the impact of the regulatory ...

    In: Oxford Economic Papers 64 (2012), 1, S. 176-196 | Astrid Cullmann, Jens Schmidt-Ehmcke, Petra Zloczysti
  • DIW Economic Bulletin 8 / 2012

    Internationalization of Business Research: New Locations Gaining Ground

    In recent years, German and foreign companies have consistently increased their investment in Research and Development in Germany. In 2009, investment was over 45 billion euros which was a third higher than in 2001. While foreign companies have significantly expanded their Research and Development activities in Germany, German investment abroad has stagnated. Overall, Germany had a positive balance ...

    2012| Heike Belitz
  • Diskussionspapiere 1229 / 2012

    Knowledge, Location, and Internationalization: Empirical Evidence for Manufacturing SMEs

    This paper investigates the links between locational conditions, innovative capabilities and internationalization of manufacturing SMEs. Two modes of foreign market servicing are explored: exporting activity and relocating of selected business activities abroad. The empirical analysis employs two probit models based on survey of about 3,000 firms. The results reveal that the outputs of SMEs' innovative ...

    2012| Anna Lejpras
  • DIW Economic Bulletin 10 / 2012

    Research-Based Companies Perform Better

    The past ten years have seen an expansion in industrial research. There has been a significant increase in the number of research-based companies, as well as in employment in research and development, and in expenditure in this area. Growth has been observed predominantly in companies in less research-intensive sectors and in small and medium-sized enterprises. Consequently, over the last decade, industrial ...

    2012| Alexander Eickelpasch
  • DIW Economic Bulletin 10 / 2012

    Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises are Catching up: Seven Questions to Alexander Eickelpasch

  • Diskussionspapiere 1237 / 2012

    How Innovative Are Spin-offs at Later Stages of Development? Comparing Innovativeness of Established Research Spin-offs and Otherwise Created Firms

    The literature argues that research spin-offs (RSOs)-enterprises originating from a university or research institute-appear to have higher innovative potential and capabilities than other start-ups, at least in the early stages of their development. Yet, little is known about the innovative performance of these companies at later development phases. Thus, the main goal of this study is to investigate ...

    2012| Anna Lejpras
  • Diskussionspapiere 1128 / 2011

    Does Quality Make a Difference? Employment Effects of High- and Low-Quality Start-Ups

    This paper investigates the impact of new firms' quality on the magnitude of their employment effects. Our results clearly show that the quality of start-ups, measured by their affiliation with sectors and innovative industries, strongly influences the direct and the overall employment contribution of new firms. In particular, start-ups in manufacturing industries generate larger direct and overall ...

    2011| Michael Fritsch, Alexandra Schroeter
  • Weekly Report 9 / 2011

    Technology Neutral Public Support: An Important Pillar of East German Industrial Research

    Industrial research in East Germany mostly takes place in small and medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) and non-profit external industrial research institutions, whereas in West Germany industrial research mainly takes place in large companies. The German Federal government, along with Länder governments, subsidize industrial research in East Germany-within the framework of technology neutral public support ...

    2011| Heike Belitz, Alexander Eickelpasch, Anna Lejpras
  • Diskussionspapiere 1129 / 2011

    An Indicator for National Systems of Innovation: Methodology and Application to 17 Industrialized Countries

    We develop a composite indicator measuring the performance of national innovation systems. The indicator takes into account both "hard" factors that are quantifiable (such as R&D spending, number of patents) and "soft" factors like the assessment of preconditions for innovation by managers. We apply the methodology to a set of 17 industrialized countries on a yearly basis between 2007 and 2009. The ...

    2011| Heike Belitz, Marius Clemens, Christian von Hirschhausen, Jens Schmidt-Ehmcke, Axel Werwatz, Petra Zloczysti
  • Diskussionspapiere 1112 / 2011

    Regional Patterns of Intangible Capital, Agglomeration Effects and Localised Spillovers in Germany

    We use a large micro-dataset to assess the importance of intangible capital - organisation, R&D and ICT capital - for the economic performance of establishments and regions in Germany. In 2003 self-produced intangible capital accounted for more than one fifth of the total capital stock of estab-lishments. More than half of the intangible capital is R&D capital. This high proportion is mainly due to ...

    2011| Kurt Geppert, Anne Neumann
176 results, from 81