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DIW Weekly Report 19/20 / 2022

Companies Contribute Significantly to the Integration of Refugees in Germany

Following the 2015 refugee influx, recent studies have found that around one in four companies have hired refugees. A survey of 100 companies that hired refugees shows that hiring refugees can increase employee satisfaction, improve reputations, and positively affect corporate developments. At the same time, hiring refugees also poses challenges for employers. These include barriers in the hiring process, ...

2022| Alexander S. Kritikos, Maximilian Priem, Anne-Christin Winkler
Diskussionspapiere 2002 / 2022

Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

2022| Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
Monographien

Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

Potsdam: CEPA, 2022, II, 65 S.
(CEPA Discussion Papers ; 46)
| Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
Monographien

Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

Bonn: IZA, 2022, II, 65 S.
(Discussion paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 15260)
| Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Remunicipalization, Corporatization, and Outsourcing: The Performance of Public-Sector Firms after Reorganization

This article investigates the impact of reorganization on productivity within public-sector firms addressing the owners' composition, the board-management relationship, and the management's decision to outsource activities. Considering a large panel of 2,325 German municipally owned utilities between 2003 and 2014, firm-level productivity is estimated based on a control function approach. Contrary ...

In: International Public Management Journal (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2022-02-28] | Caroline Stiel
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Testing the Superstar Firm Hypothesis

Firms with superior productivity, labeled superstar firms, are argued to be the link between rising concentration and the fall of the aggregate labor share in the US. This analysis confirms that similar evidence is found within the European context: the market share and firm size increase, whereas the labor share decreases with productivity. One of the much discussed mechanisms behind this development ...

In: Journal of Applied Economics 25 (2022), 1, S. 583-603 | Caroline Stiel, Alexander Schiersch
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Personality Characteristics and the Decision to Hire

As the policy debate on entrepreneurship increasingly centers on firm growth in terms of job creation, it is important to understand whether the personality of entrepreneurs drives the first hiring in their firms. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we analyze to what extent personality traits influence the probability of becoming an employer. The results indicate that personality matters. ...

In: Industrial and Corporate Change (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-10-04] | Marco Caliendo, Frank M. Fossen, Alexander S. Kritikos
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Economic Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Entrepreneurship and Small Businesses

The existential threat to small businesses, based on their crucial role in the economy, is behind the plethora of scholarly studies in 2020, the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Examining the 15 contributions of the special issue on the “Economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on entrepreneurship and small businesses,” the paper comprises four parts: a systematic review of the literature on the ...

In: Small Business Economics 58 (2022), 2, S.593–609 | Maksim Belitski, Christina Guenther, Alexander S. Kritikos, Roy Thurik
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

Antitrust Policy and Innovation

Innovation has recently come to the attention of Antitrust Authorities, even though the effect of mergers on innovation is still hotly debated. I study how the activity of Antitrust Authorities impacts future innovation of merging firms. Exploiting a change in notification rules I build an event study comparing mergers notified to the authorities with non-notified ones. I develop a new methodology...

03.12.2021| Giovanni Morzenti, Bocconi University, Milan
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

Venture Capital in Diabetes: A Yes to Big Hits, a No to Competition

Venture capital (VC) is often seen as an instrumental tool that allows many start-ups to pursue innovation with the potential to shake-up current markets and/or to replace incumbents. Using a highly granular, project-level dataset from preclinical diabetes R&D, this paper shows that VCs actively steer the direction of R&D and streamline activities of research focused firms (pipeline firms)...

02.07.2021| Jan Málek, DIW Berlin and KU Leuven
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