Topic Real Estate and Housing

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Diskussionspapiere 1927 / 2021

Rent Price Control – Yet Another Great Equalizer of Economic Inequalities? Evidence from a Century of Historical Data

The long-run U-shaped patterns of economic inequality are standardly explained by basic economic trends (Piketty’s r>g), taxation policies, or “great levelers,” like catastrophes. This paper argues that housing policy, in particular rent control, is a neglected explanatory factor in understanding overall inequality. We hypothesize that rent control could decrease overall housing wealth, lower incomes ...

2021| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl
Diskussionspapiere 1972 / 2021

The Hidden Homeownership Welfare State: An International Long-Term Perspective on the Tax Treatment of Homeowners

Welfare is traditionally understood through social security decommodifying labor markets or social investment policies. In the domain of housing, however, welfare for homeowners is largely hidden in the tax codes’ fiscal exemptions. Based on a content analysis of legislation, this paper introduces a novel yearly database of 37 countries between 1910 and 2020 to uncover the “hidden welfare state” of ...

2021| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl, Artem Korzhenevych, Linus Pfeiffer
DIW Weekly Report 1/2 / 2021

German Construction Industry Remains on Its Path of Growth during the Coronavirus Recession

The coronavirus pandemic has led to a deep worldwide economic crisis. In many countries, the construction industry has been impacted. In Germany, however, construction activity is one of the economic sectors that has remained largely stable: In 2020, the total construction volume in Germany is expected to have increased by around four percent to 444 billion euros after increasing by around eight percent ...

2021| Martin Gornig, Claus Michelsen, Laura Pagenhardt
Diskussionspapiere 1890 / 2020

Airbnb and Rents: Evidence from Berlin

Cities worldwide have regulated peer-to-peer short-term rental platforms claiming that those platforms remove apartments from the long-term housing market, causing an in- crease in rents. Establishing and quantifying such a causal link is, however, challenging. We investigate two policy changes in Berlin to first assess how effective they were in regulating Airbnb, the largest online peer-to-peer short-term ...

2020| Tomaso Duso, Claus Michelsen, Maximilian Schäfer, Kevin Ducbao Tran
Diskussionspapiere 1846 / 2020

The Effects of Rent Control in Latin America: A Century of Regulations in Argentina

Following World War I, rent control became a standard policy response to the housing shortage and the resulting rent increases. Typically, economists blame it for creating inefficiencies in the housing market and beyond. We investigate whether rental market regulations (including rent control, protection of tenants from eviction, and housing rationing) had any effects in a middle-income Latin American ...

2020| Alejandro D. Jacobo, Konstantin A. Kholodilin
Diskussionspapiere 1842 / 2020

The MARS Algorithm in the Spatial Framework: Non-Linearities and Spatial Effects in Hedonic Models

Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) is a simple and powerful non-parametric technique that automatizes the selection of non-linear terms in regression models. Non-linearities and spatial effects are natural characteristics in numerous spatial hedonic pricing models. In this paper, we propose using the MARS data-driven methodology combined with the Instrumental Variables method in order to ...

2020| Fernando A. López, Konstantin A. Kholodilin
DIW Weekly Report 1/2 / 2020

Construction Industry an Important Pillar of the Economy: Investment Assistance Taking Effect

The construction industry is increasingly becoming a key pillar of the business cycle in Germany. DIW Berlin’s construction volume calculation indicates a real expansion of construction services by around three percent each year over the next two years. In nominal terms, sales in the construction industry and its related sectors will grow by around 6.5 percent in 2020 and almost six percent in 2021. ...

2020| Martin Gornig, Claus Michelsen, Laura Pagenhardt
Diskussionspapiere 1839 / 2020

Does Social Policy through Rent Controls Inhibit New Construction? Some Answers from Long-Run Historical Evidence

The (re-)introduction of rent regulation in the form of rent controls, tenant protection or supply rationing is back on the agenda of policymakers in light of rent inflation in many global cities. While rent control as social policy promises short-term relief, economists point to their negative long-run effects on new construction. This paper present long-run data on both rent regulation and housing ...

2020| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl
DIW focus 2 / 2020

Housing Policies Worldwide during Coronavirus Crisis: Challenges and Solutions

The coronavirus pandemic, which began in December 2019 and is currently spreading rapidly around the world, is having a noticeable impact on the economy and thus also on the real estate market. Since the measures to curb the spread are causing economic activities to decline massively, small and medium-sized companies in the service, hospitality, and transport sectors in particular, but the self-employed ...

2020| Konstantin A. Kholodilin
Weekly Report

Construction industry momentum continues – state stimulus impacts prices

By Martin Gornig, Claus Michelsen, and Martin Bruns According to the German Institute for Economic Research construction volume forecast, the country’s construction industry will continue to flourish in the coming years. Companies can count on a rise in the nominal construction volume of around 7.5 percent in 2019 and 6.5 percent next year. The industry’s business cycle continues ...

14.01.2019| Martin Johannes Bruns, Martin Gornig, Claus Michelsen
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