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Research Project

Decarbonisation of energy

Determining a robust mix of energy carriers for a carbon-neutral EU Decarbonising the European energy system requires a fundamental transformation in the way societies provide, transport and consume energy. Disagreement exists over how this system should look in 2050. In this project, we prepared an overview report on the decarbonisation options for coal, natural gas, and hydrogen in Europe. The...

Current Project| Energy, Transportation, Environment
Research Project

The European and German Natural Gas Market in the Short and Long Run: Report on the Finalization and Commissioning of the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline Project

In this report, the role of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project for the German and the European natural gas market was investigated in the short run and the long run. In the short run, no supply gap can be identified that would justify the speedy finalization of construction works on the Nord Stream 2 project. In the long run, there is no need for the Nord Stream 2 pipeline due to the German and...

Completed Project| Energy, Transportation, Environment
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Fossil Natural Gas Exit – A New Narrative for the European Energy Transformation towards Decarbonization

This paper discusses the potential role of fossil natural gas in the process of the energy transformation in Europe on its way to decarbonization. Mainstream conventional wisdom has it that natural gas, perhaps in combination with other gases, should maintain an important role in the energy mix, first, as a "bridge fuel", and then through a gradual transition toward "decarbonized gases". However, when ...

In: Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 10 (2021), 2, S. 115-131 | Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert, Fabian Praeger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Environmental Kuznets Curve in France and Germany: Role of Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy

This paper aims to quantify the relation between real GDP, CO2 emissions, renewable and nonrenewable energy consumption, tourism development and labor force for France and Germany as these two countries are pioneer countries pushing Paris agreement within and outside the European Union. The time spans have been used for the period of 1995–2015 according to data availability. In the presence of cross-sectional ...

In: Renewable Energy 172 (2021), S. 88-99 | Xuejiao Ma, Najid Ahmad, Pao-Yu Oei
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Mexico and U.S. Power Systems Under Variations in Natural Gas Prices

This study examines the impact of natural gas prices on the power systems of Mexico and the United States. For this, we develop an integrated modeling framework by soft linking three different techno-economic bottom-up models of the power and energy systems, one partial equilibrium model of the natural gas sector, and a partial equilibrium model of the Mexican energy sector. Our results show several ...

In: Energy Policy 156 (2021), 112378, 18 S. | Luis Sarmiento, Anahi Molar-Cruz, Charalampos Avraam, Maxwell Brown, Juan Rossellón, Sauleh Siddiqui, Baltazar Solano Rodríguez
SOEPpapers 1116 / 2021

Quantifying the Externalities of Renewable Energy Plants Using Wellbeing Data: The Case of Biogas

Although there is strong support for renewable energy plants, they are often met with local resistance. We quantify the externalities of renewable energy plants using well-being data. We focus on the example of biogas, one of the most frequently deployed technologies besides wind and solar. To this end, we combine longitudinal household data with novel panel data on more than 13, 000 installations ...

2021| Christian Krekel, Julia Rechlitz, Johannes Rode, Alexander Zerrahn
Weitere Aufsätze

A Real Chance for Transatlantic Partnership on Climate Policy

In: Intereconomics 56 (2021), 1, S. 20-22 | Claudia Kemfert
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Freedom Gas to Europe: Scenarios Analyzed Using the Global Gas Model

State-of-the-art, open access numerical modeling of imperfectly competitive energy markets offers a sound and transparent way to address topical research questions in energy and commodity markets. We use an open access equilibrium model, the Global Gas Model (GGM), and sector-specific, politically motivated scenarios to investigate the prospects for sales of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from the U.S. ...

In: Research in International Business and Finance 58 (2021), 101460, 15 S. | Ruud Egging-Bratseth, Franziska Holz, Victoria Czempinski
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The U.S. Coal Sector between Shale Gas and Renewables: Last Resort Coal Exports?

Coal consumption and production have sharply declined in recent years in the U.S., despite political support. Reasons are mostly unfavorable economic conditions for coal, including competition from natural gas and renewables in the power sector, as well as an aging coal-fired power plant fleet. Nevertheless, coal remains a major energy source in the North American energy markets. Supplementing EMF34 ...

In: Energy Policy 149 (2021), 112097, 13 S. | Christian Hauenstein, Franziska Holz
Workshop

The role of energy storage in power sectors with fossil fuel phase-out

The phase-out of fossil fuels, and a growing use of variable renewable energy sources, increase the flexibility needs of the power sector. In this context, different energy storage technologies become more relevant. Yet the role and use of electricity storage depends on many factors, for example technology costs and availabilities, as well as the level and flexibility of sector coupling strategies...

09.10.2020| Sebastian Osorio, Mario Kendziorski, Leonard Göke, Wolf-Peter Schill, Carlos David Gaete Morales, Martin Kittel
257 results, from 1
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