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258 results, from 11
Workshop

The role of energy storage in power sectors with fossil fuel phase-out

The phase-out of fossil fuels, and a growing use of variable renewable energy sources, increase the flexibility needs of the power sector. In this context, different energy storage technologies become more relevant. Yet the role and use of electricity storage depends on many factors, for example technology costs and availabilities, as well as the level and flexibility of sector coupling strategies...

09.10.2020| Sebastian Osorio, Mario Kendziorski, Leonard Göke, Wolf-Peter Schill, Carlos David Gaete Morales, Martin Kittel
DIW focus

No need for new natural gas pipelines and LNG terminals in Europe

Natural gas could play an increasing role in the German energy system following the coal exit decided in July 2020 by the German parliament. However, natural gas has no climate benefit compared to coal. What is more, Europe risks to become a battleground for the conflict between Russia and the United States. The construction of the Baltic Sea pipeline Nordstream 2 has set in motion a downward...

29.07.2020| Franziska Holz, Claudia Kemfert
Report

Submission to the revision of the EU infrastructure regulation

The European Commission currently revises its regulation of selection of and support to so-called Trans-European Networks in the energy sector (TEN-E). Currently, the European Union still provides support to fossil natural gas infrastructure that were selected as so-called Projects of Common Interest (PCI) without sufficiently taking into account the long-term climate targets. In the research project ...

15.07.2020| Franziska Holz
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Comparing Coal Phase-Out Pathways: The United Kingdom’s and Germany’s Diverging Transitions

Political decisions and trends regarding coal use for electricity generation developed differently in the UK and Germany, despite being subject to relatively similar climate protection targets and general political and economic conditions. The UK agreed on a coal phase-out by 2024. In Germany, a law schedules a coal phase-out by 2038 at the latest. This paper investigates reasons for the different ...

In: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 37 (2020), S. 238-253 | Hanna Brauers, Pao-Yu Oei, Paula Walk
DIW focus 5 / 2020

No Need for New Natural Gas Pipelines and LNG Terminals in Europe

Natural gas could play an increasing role in the German energy system following the coal exit decided in July 2020 by the German parliament. However, natural gas has no climate benefit compared to coal. What is more, Europe risks to become a battle-ground for the conflict between Russia and the United States. The construction of the Baltic Sea pipeline Nordstream 2 has set in motion a downward spiral ...

2020| Franziska Holz, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1886 / 2020

Is Substitutability the New Efficiency? Endogenous Investment in the Elasticity of Substitution between Clean and Dirty Energy

When analyzing potential ways to counter climate change, standard models of green growth abstract from investment in substitutability between “clean” and “dirty” energy inputs. Instead, they rely on the assumption that efficiency with respect to fossil fuels can be increased perpetually. However, this is not in line with observed firm investment behavior and the limits to efficiency imposed by thermodynamic ...

2020| Fabian Stöckl
Diskussionspapiere 1885 / 2020

Substituting Clean for Dirty Energy: A Bottom-Up Analysis

We fit CES and VES production functions to data from a numerical bottom-up optimization model of electricity supply with clean and dirty inputs. This approach allows for studying high shares of clean energy not observable today and for isolating mechanisms that impact the elasticity of substitution between clean and dirty energy. Central results show that (i) dirty inputs are not essential for production. ...

2020| Fabian Stöckl, Alexander Zerrahn
Diskussionspapiere 1880 / 2020

The U.S. Coal Sector between Shale Gas and Renewables: Last Resort Coal Exports?

Coal consumption and production have sharply declined in recent years in the U.S., despite political support. Reasons are mostly unfavorable economic conditions for coal, including competition from natural gas and renewables in the power sector, as well as an aging coal- fired power plant fleet. The U.S. Energy Information Administration as well as most models of North American energy markets depict ...

2020| Christian Hauenstein, Franziska Holz
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Energy Outlooks Compared: Global and Regional Insights

We compare prominent global energy scenarios of organizations and companies. We supplement the analysis with four own scenarios, which were derived from structured analytic techniques in combination with a numerical global energy and resource market model (Multimod). Our paper provides three central contributions: (i) a compact survey of selected outlooks with meta characteristics (conceptual nature, ...

In: Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 9 (2020), 1, S. 21-42 | Dawud Ansari, Franziska Holz, Hashem al-Kuhlani
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Lessons from Germany's Hard Coal Mining Phase-Out: Policies and Transition from 1950 to 2018

German hard coal production ended in 2018, following the termination of subsidies. This paper looks at 60 years of continuous decline of an industry that employed more than 600,000 people, through a case study comparing Germany’s two largest hard coal mining areas (Ruhr area and Saarland). Although predominantly economic drivers underlay the transitions, both provide valuable lessons for upcoming coal ...

In: Climate Policy 20 (2020), 8, S. 963-979 | Pao-Yu Oei, Hanna Brauers, Philipp Herpich
258 results, from 11
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