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119 results, from 41
Diskussionspapiere 1281 / 2013

Business Cycles, Unemployment and Entrepreneurial Entry: First Evidence from Germany

We investigate whether people become more willingly self-employed during boom periods or in recessions and to what extent it is the business cycle or the employment status influencing entry rates into entrepreneurship. Our analysis for Germany reveals that start-up activities are positively influenced by unemployment rates and that the cyclical component of real GDP has a negative effect. This implies ...

2013| Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos, Katharina Pijnenburg
Diskussionspapiere 1272 / 2013

Self-Employment and Economic Performance: A Geographically Weighted Regression Approach for European Regions

The self-employment rate includes entrepreneurs out of opportunity and entrepreneurs out of necessity. While the effect of opportunity entrepreneurs on economic development should be positive, there should be no or a negative effect of necessity entrepreneurship. We use a geographically weighted regression (GWR) approach to analyze whether the effect of self-employment on economic development is heterogeneous ...

2013| Katharina Pijnenburg
DIW Economic Bulletin 2 / 2013

Industrial Development: France and Germany Drifting Apart

The significance of the manufacturing sector for the economies of both the European Union and the euro area has declined dramatically over the past ten years. However, development varied between the individual member states, which is particularly evident in a comparison between France and Germany. The manufacturing industry in Germany was able to maintain its position within the national economy, halting ...

2013| Karl Brenke
DIW Economic Bulletin 5 / 2012

Engineers in Germany: No Shortage in Sight

There is no let up in complaints about a potential lack of engineers in Germany. The Association of German Engineers (Verein Deutscher Ingenieure, VDI) recently declared that because of the high average age of engineers working in Germany (50 to 51), there will soon be a huge demand for a new generation of engineers. Upon closer examination, these fears prove to be unfounded. Although there has been ...

2012| Karl Brenke
DIW Economic Bulletin 7 / 2012

Long Hours for Low Pay

There has been no robust growth of the low-pay sector in Germany since 2006. Over the past few years, a constant 22 percent of all employees have fallen into this category. The job structure within the low-pay sector has not changed in the last decade. In the economy as a whole, however, there has been less and less demand for low-skilled work, which is increasingly becoming concentrated in the low-pay ...

2012| Karl Brenke
DIW Economic Bulletin 9 / 2012

Unemployment in Europe: Young People Affected Much Harder Than Adults

The crises of the past few years have led to a significant increase in youth unemployment in Europe. This, in turn, has highlighted the long standing phenomenon of well above average youth unemployment. In some countries, the youth unemployment rate reached unprecedented levels, although the rise of unemployment among young people was no more significant than among adults. Furthermore, the media portrayal ...

2012| Karl Brenke

Unemployment and Portfolio Choice: Does Persistence Matter?

Households can rely on private savings or on public unemployment insurance to hedge against the risk of becoming unemployed. These hedging mechanisms are used differently across countries. In this paper, we use a life cycle model to study the effects of unemployment on the portfolio choice of households in the US and in Germany. We distinguish short- and long-term unemployment and find that, in case ...

Tübingen: IAW, 2011, 53 S.
(IAW Discussion Papers ; 77)
| Franziska Bremus, Vladimir Kuzin
119 results, from 41