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DIW Weekly Report 9 / 2021

Gender Pay Gap in a European Comparison: Positive Correlation between the Female Labor Force Participation Rate and the Gender Pay Gap

Public interest in the gender pay gap has risen significantly over the past years in Germany, but the size of the gender pay gap has barely changed. A comparison across European countries shows that a lower female labor force participation rate is associated with a smaller gender pay gap. The gender differences in the characteristics of the labor force, which vary across countries, are one explanation ...

2021| Julia Schmieder, Katharina Wrohlich
DIW Weekly Report 7/8 / 2021

Ten Years after Fukushima: Nuclear Energy Is Still Dangerous and Unreliable

The catastrophic accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on March 11, 2011, revealed unexpected safety risks of nuclear energy once again. It also accelerated the decline of nuclear energy in the international energy sector: Nuclear energy’s share of global electricity generation fell from 17 percent in 1996 to 13 percent in 2011 to approximately ten percent in 2019, with a share of primary ...

2021| Ben Wealer, Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert, Fabian Präger, Björn Steigerwald
Diskussionspapiere 1935 / 2021

Carbon Pricing of Basic Materials: Incentives and Risks for the Value Chain and Consumers

For the European Union to realise its ambition of carbon neutrality, emissions from basic material production need to be reduced through low-carbon production processes, material efficiency and substitution, as well as enhanced recycling. Different reform options for the EU ETS are discussed that ensure a consistent carbon price incentive for all these mitigation options, while avoiding the risk of ...

2021| Jan Stede, Stefan Pauliuk, Gilang Hardadi, Karsten Neuhoff

From the Cliff to the Top: The Path to a Resilient and Sustainable Europe: In-Depth Analysis

The European Union has put in place an extraordinary array of policy measures to mitigate the devastating economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. The sheer amount and extent of the support economic lifelines makes a rushed termination of policies potentially subject to dire cliff effects. Avoiding these cliff effects requires a combination of decisive and long-lasting fiscal stimuli with an ...

Bruxelles: European Parliament, 2021, 23 S.
(Monetary Dialogue Papers ; March 2021)
| Jan Phillip Fritsche, Anna Gibert, Chi Hyun Kim
Externe referierte Aufsätze

25 Years of European Merger Control

We study the determinants of common European merger policy over its first 25 years, from 1990 to 2014. Using a novel dataset at the level of the relevant antitrust markets and containing all relevant merger cases notified to the European Commission, we evaluate how consistently arguments related to structural market parameters – dominance, rising concentration, barriers to entry, and foreclosure – ...

In: International Journal of Industrial Organization 76 (2021), 102720, 22 S. | Pauline Affeldt, Tomaso Duso, Florian Szücs
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Appropriateness of the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure for Central and Eastern European Countries

The European Commission’s Scoreboard of Macroeconomic Imbalances is a rare case of a publicly released early warning system. It was published first time in 2012 by the European Commission as a reaction to public debt crises in Europe. So far, the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure takes a one-size-fits-all approach with regard to the identification of thresholds. The experience of Central and Eastern ...

In: Empirica 48 (2021), 1, S. 123–139 | Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Martina Kämpfe, Tobias Knedlik

Decarbonisation of Energy: Determining a Robust Mix of Energy Carriers for a Carbon-Neutral EU

Brussels: European Parliament, 2021, 123 S. | Georg Zachmann, Franziska Holz, Alexander Roth, Ben McWilliams, Robin Sogalla, Frank Meissner, Claudia Kemfert

The Productivity Puzzle in Business Services

In Germany, the productivity of professional services, a sector dominated by micro and small firms, declined by 40 percent between 1995 and 2014. This productivity decline also holds true for professional services in other European countries. Using a German firm-level dataset of 700,000 observations between 2003 and 2017, we analyze this largely uncovered phenomenon among professional services, the ...

Potsdam: CEPA, 2021, 37 S.
(CEPA Discussion Papers ; 37)
| Alexander S. Kritikos, Alexander Schiersch, Caroline Stiel
Externe referierte Aufsätze

A 2050 Perspective on the Role for Carbon Capture and Storage in the European Power System and Industry Sector

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) might be a central technology to reach the decarbonisation goals of the European energy system. However, CCS deployment faces multiple economic, technological, and infrastructure challenges. Related literature tends to only focus on certain aspects of the CCS technology or to be limited to a particular sector perspective. In contrast, this paper presents a holistic ...

In: Energy Economics 104 (2021), 105631, 18 S. | Franziska Holz, Tim Scherwath, Pedro Crespo del Granado, Christian Skar, Luis Olmos, Quentin Ploussard, Andrés Ramos, Andrea Herbst
DIW Berlin - Politikberatung kompakt 175 / 2021

Decarbonisation of Energy: Determining a Robust Mix of Energy Carriers for a Carbon-Neutral EU

2021| Georg Zachmann, Franziska Holz, Alexander Roth, Ben McWilliams, Robin Sogalla, Frank Meissner, Claudia Kemfert
1045 results, from 21