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Schumpeter BSE Macro Seminar

What if? The Economic Effects for Germany of a Stop of Energy Imports from Russia

10.05.2022| Christian Bayer, Universität Bonn
Event

Recovery as a springboard for change: Germany and the EU

As the German economy and the EU are emerging from the COVID-19 pandemic, the focus is shifting to questions of long-term transformation. How can we transform our economies while also limiting climate change and preparing for its impact? The pandemic has accelerated digitalization of German firms and many have already invested to deal with climate change. At the same time, concerns about the...

15.02.2022| Franziska Brantner, Klaus Deutsch, Ambroise Fayolle, Debora Revoltella, Matthias Rumpf, Marcel Fratzscher
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Effects of Shortening Potential Benefit Duration: Evidence from Regional Cut-offs and a Policy Reform

We quantify labour market effects of changes in the potential benefit duration (PBD) in Poland. Individual workers' PBD depends on the county unemployment rate relative to the national average---12 months of PBD above a cut-off of 125 per cent and 6 months below. This cut-off shifted from 125 to 150 per cent in a 2009 reform. We utilize (i) the natural experiment of the reform and (ii) the...

02.02.2022| Jonas Jessen
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Belonging or Estrangement – the European Refugee Crisis and its Effects on Immigrant Identity

This study deals with the impact of the 2015 European Refugee Crisis on the ethnic identity of resident migrants in Germany. To derive plausibly causal estimates, I exploit the quasi-experimental setting in Germany, by which refugees are allocated to different counties by state authorities without being able to choose their locations themselves. This study finds that higher...

26.01.2022| Christopher Prömel, Freie Universität Berlin
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Educational Selectivity and Immigrants’ Labour Market Performance in Europe

This article depicts the selectivity profiles of first-generation immigrants of multiple origins in 18 European destinations and investigates whether educational selectivity is relevant to their labour market performance. The theoretical account starts from the premise that the relative position individuals occupy in the educational distribution of their origin country represents—frequently unmeasured—characteristics ...

In: European Sociological Review (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-10-18] | Regine Schmidt, Cornelia Kristen, Peter Mühlau
Monographien

Decarbonisation of the Energy System

Our analysis highlights that the current national energy and climate plans (NECPs) of EU countries are insufficient to achieve a cost-efficient pathway to EU-wide climate neutrality by 2050.

Brussels: Bruegel, 2022, 14 S.
(Policy Contribution / Bruegel ; 01/22)
| Georg Zachmann, Franziska Holz, Claudia Kemfert, Ben McWilliams, Frank Meissner, Alexander Roth, Robin Sogalla
DIW Weekly Report 14/15/16 / 2022

ECB Can Lower Fuel and Heating Costs by Increasing Interest Rates but Would Risk Economic Recovery

Inflation has been growing considerably since the middle of 2021, with rising energy prices driving the increase in particular. Since the end of February 2022, the trend has also been exacerbated by the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine. To keep prices stable, the European Central Bank must rein in its accommodative monetary policy. However, would doing so—by enacting an interest rate increase, for ...

2022| Gökhan Ider, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Frederik Kurcz
DIW Weekly Report 9/10 / 2022

Justice Profiles in Europe: Major Differences in Evaluation of Inequality

European societies have been experiencing growing income and wealth inequalities over the past few decades, and, accordingly, they are a topic of intense discussion. Although the population’s evaluation of inequalities as just or unjust is important for designing social policies, there has been little research on this evaluation. To close this gap, we use justice evaluations of income and wealth in ...

2022| Cristóbal Moya, Jule Adriaans
DIW Weekly Report 5/6 / 2022

Women Increasingly Identifying as Part of a Discriminated Group

Policymakers have been attempting to combat discrimination at all levels for a long time. However, the measures they take can only be successful if there is general awareness of the discrimination experienced by certain groups or people: Discrimination can only be addressed when people also recognize and acknowledge it is happening. Therefore, it is important to measure the extent to which the population ...

2022| Sandra Bohmann, Matteo Targa
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Drivers of Participation Elasticities across Europe: Gender or Earner Role within the Household?

We compute participation tax rates across the EU and find that work disincentives inherent in tax–benefit systems largely depend on household composition and the individual’s earner role within the household. We then estimate participation elasticities using an IV group estimator that enables us to investigate the responsiveness of individuals to work incentives. We contribute to the literature on ...

In: International Tax and Public Finance (2022), im Ersch. [online first: 2022-01-07] | Charlotte Bartels, Cortnie Shupe
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