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Topic Monetary Policy

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290 results, from 11
  • Diskussionspapiere 2056 / 2023

    Hicks in HANK: Fiscal Responses to an Energy Shock

    The distributional and disruptive effects of energy supply shocks are potentially large. We study the effectiveness of alternative fiscal responses in a two-country HANK model that we calibrate to the euro area. Energy subsidies can stabilize the domestic economy, but are fiscally costly and generate adverse spillovers to the rest of the monetary union: What the subsidizing country gains, the other ...

    2023| Christian Bayer, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Gernot J. Müller, Fabian Seyrich
  • Externe Monographien

    From Policy to Practice: Applying Empirical Analysis and Historic Contexts to Understand Fiscal and Monetary Policy, and their Interaction

    This dissertation collects empirical work in the field of fiscal and monetary policy, and their interaction. It comprises four chapters. In Chapter 1, I investigate the dynamic effects of tax changes on the cross-sectional distribution of disposable income in the US using a narrative identification approach. I distinguish between changes in personal and corporate income taxes and quantify the distributional ...

    Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin, 2023, 206 S. | Stephanie Ettmeier
  • Externe Monographien

    Monetary-fiscal interaction : Achieving the right monetary-fiscal policy mix in the euro area: In-Depth Analysis ; Requested by the ECON Committee

    Achieving a balanced monetary-fiscal policy mix in the euro area is crucial to ensure that monetary policy is able to fulfil its primary price stability objective. This paper outlines, from an economic and legal perspective, the interaction between monetary and fiscal policy in light of the current monetary and fiscal stance and, in particular, the “quasi-fiscal” effects of some unconventional monetary ...

    Bruxelles: European Parliament, 2023, 23 S.
    (Monetary Dialogue Papers ; September 2023)
    | Kerstin Bernoth, Sara Dietz, Rosa Lastra, Marie Rullière
  • Diskussionspapiere 2044 / 2023

    A HANK2 Model of Monetary Unions

    How does a monetary union alter the impact of business cycle shocks at the household level? We develop a Heterogeneous Agent New Keynesian model of two countries (HANK2) and show in closed form that a monetary union shifts the adjustment to a shock horizontally—across countries—within the brackets of the union-wide wealth distribution rather than vertically—that is, across the brackets of the union-wide ...

    2023| Christian Bayer, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Gernot J. Müller, Fabian Seyrich
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Signalling Channel of Negative Interest Rates

    Negative policy rates can convince markets that deposit rates will remain lower-for-longer, even when current deposit rates are constrained by zero. This is the signalling channel of negative interest rates. We analyse the optimality and effectiveness of negative rates in the context of this novel transmission channel. In a stylized model, we prove two necessary conditions for optimality: time-consistency ...

    In: Journal of Monetary Economics 138 (2023), S. 87-103 | Oliver de Groot, Alexander Haas
  • Externe Monographien

    Climate Change and Monetary Policy: Risks, Instruments, and Chances: In-Depth Analysis ; Requested by the ECON Committee

    Rising inflation complicates the alignment of the ECB’s policies with the Paris Agreement. This paper provides novel evidence for inflationary pressures arising from natural disasters. We then discuss the effectiveness of monetary instruments to boost a green transition, concluding that the scope of policy measures used thus far is limited. As additional measures, we advise active rebalancing of the ...

    Bruxelles: European Parliament, 2023, 23 S.
    (Monetary Dialogue Papers ; November 2023)
    | Sonja Dobkowitz, Pia Hüttl, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Jana Wittich
  • Diskussionspapiere 2057 / 2023

    Global Risk and the Dollar

    The dollar is a safe-haven currency and appreciates when global risk goes up. We investigate the dollar’s role for the transmission of global risk to the world economy within a Bayesian proxy structural vectorautoregressive model. We identify global risk shocks using high-frequency asset-price surprises around narratively selected events. Global risk shocks appreciate the dollar, induce tighter global ...

    2023| Georgios Georgiadis, Gernot J. Müller, Ben Schumann
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Selective Bond Purchases – May the ECB Chose Winners and Losers?

    The European Central Bank (ECB) is currently facing major challenges. Fragmentation of government bond yields across Member States of the European Economic and Monetary Union, based on different economic and fiscal policies, hampers a uniform transmission of monetary policy. At the same time, climate-related financial risks need to be addressed. In recent years, the ECB is meeting these challenges ...

    In: The Economists' Voice 20 (2023), 1, S. 111-118 | Kerstin Bernoth, Sara Dietz
  • Diskussionspapiere 2037 / 2023

    The Impacts of Global Risk and US Monetary Policy on US Dollar Exchange Rates and Excess Currency Returns

    We examine the causal relationship between US monetary policy shocks, exchange rates and currency excess returns for a sample of eight advanced countries over the period 1980M1 to 2022M11. We find that the dynamics of the US dollar exchange rate is the main driver of currency excess returns. The exchange rate is significantly affected by US monetary policy shocks, where the persistence of this shock ...

    2023| Kerstin Bernoth, Helmut Herwartz, Lasse Trienens
  • Diskussionspapiere 2033 / 2023

    The Energy-Price Channel of (European) Monetary Policy

    This study examines whether central banks can combat inflation that is caused by rising energy prices. By using a high-frequency event study and a Structural Vector Autoregression, we find evidence that the European Central Bank (ECB) and the Federal Reserve (Fed) are capable of doing so by affecting domestic and global energy prices. This “energy-price channel” of monetary policy plays an important ...

    2023| Gökhan Ider, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Frederik Kurcz, Ben Schumann
290 results, from 11
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