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202 results, from 21
Diskussionspapiere 1751 / 2018

Video Recordings in Experiments – Are There Effects on Self-Selection or the Outcome of the Experiment?

The use of video recordings in experimental economics has become increasingly popular. However, little attention is paid to how this might affect the composition of the participating subjects and the intended treatment effect. We make a first attempt to shed light on these issues and address them in an incentivized face-to-face tax compliance experiment. The experiment contains two dimensions; i) the ...

2018| Tim Lohse, Salmai Qari
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Effectiveness of Early Retirement Disincentives: Individual Welfare, Distributional and Fiscal Implications

In aging societies, information on how to reform pension systems is essential to policy makers. This study scrutinizes effects of early retirement disincentives on retirement behavior, individual welfare, pensions and public budget. We employ administrative pension data and a detailed model of the German tax and social security system to estimate a structural dynamic retirement model. We find that ...

In: Labour Economics 51 (2018), S. 25-37 | Timm Bönke, Daniel Kemptner, Holger Lüthen
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

How do Fuel Taxes Impact New Car Purchases? An Evaluation Using French Consumer-level Data

08.12.2017| Pauline Givord, INSEE, Paris
Press Release

Abolishing the final withholding tax leads to tax revenue losses and barely burdens high-income groups

Small revenue and distribution effects – Overall, slight tax revenue losses due to a period of low interest rates – Raising the final withholding tax rate to over 25 percent would result in moderate additional revenue Abolishing the final flat-rate 25 percent withholding tax on unearned income makes sense neither from a fiscal nor a distribution point of view as long as interest rates ...

08.11.2017
Interview

"Relief for the middle class through value-added tax cuts": Six questions for Stefan Bach

Mr. Bach, to what extent could cutting the value-added tax rate relieve low- and middle-income earners? If you want to provide significant fiscal relief to lower and middle income groups, you should focus more on the valueadded tax and less on the income tax. The value-added tax puts the burden on consumption, and consumer spending accounts for a much higher proportion of lower incomes than higher ...

02.08.2017| Stefan Bach
Economic Bulletin

Income tax reform to relieve middle income households

Completely eliminating the sharp rise in the tax rate for middle income households in Germany by changing personal income tax rates would mean estimated annual losses in tax revenue of 35 billion euros, or 1.1 percent of GDP. Taxpayers with high incomes would also benefit from this type of relief. The ten percent of the population with the highest income would have a relief of around 10.4 billion euros—over ...

18.05.2017| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei
Interview

"Little room for maneuver with tax relief in the medium term": five questions for Stefan Bach

Mr. Bach, there is growing criticism that the middle income segments are suffering from a tax and social contribution burden that is too heavy. Does the middle class pay a disproportionately high amount of income tax? Actually, the middle class has a relatively low income tax burden. This is because we use the basic personal exemption to shield the subsistence level from taxation, and a range of deductions ...

18.05.2017| Stefan Bach
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Earnings Responses to Social Security Contributions

This paper utilises the discontinuities induced by earnings caps for social security contributions (SSC) in Germany to analyse the effect of SSC on gross labour earnings. Economic incidence is identified by exploiting an increase of a regional earnings cap of health and long-term care insurance as a natural experiment. Based on administrative data, difference-in-differences models are estimated. I ...

In: Labour Economics 49 (2017), S. 55-72 | Michael Neumann
DIW Economic Bulletin 20 / 2017

Income Tax Reform to Relieve Middle Income Households

Completely eliminating the sharp rise in the tax rate for middle income households in Germany by changing personal income tax rates would mean estimated annual losses in tax revenue of 35 billion euros, or 1.1 percent of GDP. Taxpayers with high incomes would also benefit from this type of relief. The ten percent of the population with the highest income would have a relief of around 10.4 billion euros—over ...

2017| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei
202 results, from 21
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