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International SOEP User Conference

SOEP 2022 - 14th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference

The 14th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference (SOEP2022) will be held in Berlin from June 30 to July 1, 2022 at DIW Berlin. The conference provides researchers who use the SOEP (including the SOEP part of the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) and LIS/LWS data) with the opportunity to present and discuss their work with their peers. Researchers of all disciplines (e.g.,...

30.06.2022| Anja Abendroth (Bielefeld University), Arne Kalleberg (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Schumpeter BSE Macro Seminar

Lifestyle Behaviors and Wealth-Health Gaps in Germany

03.05.2022| Minchul Yum, University of Mannheim
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Personality Traits of Self-Made and Inherited Millionaires

Very wealthy people influence political and societal processes by wielding their economic power through foundations, lobbying groups, media campaigns, as investors and employers. Because personality shapes goals, attitudes, and behaviour, it is important to understand the personality traits that characterize the rich. We used representative survey data to construct two large samples, one from the general ...

In: Humanities and Social Sciences Communications 9 (2022), 12 S. | Marius Leckelt , Johannes König, David Richter, Mitja D. Back, Carsten Schröder
DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2022

Low Emission Zones Improve Air Quality and Health but Temporarily Decrease Life Satisfaction

Air pollution results in high economic costs arising from its negative impacts on human health, especially in urban areas. Driving restriction policies such as low emission zones (LEZs) are designed to improve air quality. Indeed, empirical analyses in this Weekly Report confirm that LEZs reduce traffic-related air pollution. However, the analyses also reveal unintended adverse effects on secondary ...

2022| Luis Sarmiento, Nicole Wägner, Aleksandar Zaklan
DIW Weekly Report 9/10 / 2022

Justice Profiles in Europe: Major Differences in Evaluation of Inequality

European societies have been experiencing growing income and wealth inequalities over the past few decades, and, accordingly, they are a topic of intense discussion. Although the population’s evaluation of inequalities as just or unjust is important for designing social policies, there has been little research on this evaluation. To close this gap, we use justice evaluations of income and wealth in ...

2022| Cristóbal Moya, Jule Adriaans
Diskussionspapiere 2001 / 2022

The Gender Gap in Lifetime Earnings: The Role of Parenthood

To obtain a more complete understanding of the persisting gender earnings gap in Germany, this paper investigates both the cross-sectional and biographical dimension of gender inequalities. Using an Oaxaca Blinder decomposition, we show that the gender gap in annual earnings is largely driven by women’s lower work experience and intensive margin of labor supply. Based on a dynamic microsimulation model, ...

2022| Rick Glaubitz, Astrid Harnack-Eber, Miriam Wetter
DIW Weekly Report 12 / 2022

Rent Control Reduces Economic Inequality at a Price

Over the course of the 20th century, governments have frequently used rent control to keep rents affordable, especially in times of crisis when housing is scarce. Existing research shows that rent control has undesirable side effects, such as overall societal welfare losses, market misallocation, a declining housing supply, and lower mobility. However, there has been little research examining the effect ...

2022| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl
DIW Weekly Report 5/6 / 2022

Women Increasingly Identifying as Part of a Discriminated Group

Policymakers have been attempting to combat discrimination at all levels for a long time. However, the measures they take can only be successful if there is general awareness of the discrimination experienced by certain groups or people: Discrimination can only be addressed when people also recognize and acknowledge it is happening. Therefore, it is important to measure the extent to which the population ...

2022| Sandra Bohmann, Matteo Targa
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Inequality over the Business Cycle: The Role of Distributive Shocks

This paper examines how wealth and income inequality dynamics are related to fluctuations in the functional income distribution over the business cycle. In a panel estimation for OECD countries between 1970 and 2016, although inequality is, on average countercyclical and significantly associated with the capital share, one-third of the countries display a pro- or noncyclical relationship. To analyze ...

In: Macroeconomic Dynamics (2022), im Ersch. [online first:2021-11-18] | Marius Clemens, Ulrich Eydam, Maik Heinemann
Monographien

Pandemic Depression: COVID-19 and the Mental Health of the Self-Employed

We investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on self-employed people’s mental health. Using representative longitudinal survey data from Germany, we reveal differential effects by gender: whereas self-employed women experienced a substantial deterioration in their mental health, self-employed men displayed no significant changes up to early 2021. Financial losses are important in explaining these ...

Potsdam: CEPA, 2022, II, 65 S.
(CEPA Discussion Papers ; 46)
| Marco Caliendo, Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
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