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134 results, from 21
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Was Marx Right? Income Inequality, Market Concentration and Voting in late 19th Century Germany

The  recent  debate  on  the  causes  and  consequences  of  income  inequality shows striking similarity to the debate in many parts of Europe before 1914. Today and back then the focus was on the role of capital share and market concentration as a cause for rising inequality.  In this study we analyze the drivers and consequences of...

06.02.2019| Charlotte Bartels

The Effect of Increasing the Early Retirement Age on Savings Behavior before Retirement

Facing a reduction in pension generosity, individuals can compensate the loss by working longer or saving more. This paper shows that the impact of changes in pension generosity on saving crucially depends on the possibility of prolonging future employment. Exploiting across cohort variation in expected pension wealth induced by a 3-year lift in early retirement age for women born after 1951 in Germany, ...

Bonn: IZA, 2019, 40 S. : Anh.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 12744)
| Stefan Etgeton, Björn Fischer, Han Ye
DIW Weekly Report 46/47/48 / 2019

100 Years of the Modern German Tax System: Foundation, Reforms, and Challenges

The tax and fiscal reforms headed by German finance minister Matthias Erzberger in 1919 and 1920 fundamentally reshaped German public finances. The total tax revenue as a percentage of GDP, or tax-to-GDP ratio, doubled and increased continually until the end of World War II. Since the 1950s, the tax-to-GDP ratio has remained between 22 and 24 percent of GDP most of the time. West Germany’s economic ...

2019| Stefan Bach
DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2019

Ecological Tax Revenue Still Yields Lower Pension Contributions and Higher Pensions Today

The ecological tax reform that Germany implemented between 1999 and 2003 increased energy tax rates—especially on gasoline and diesel. Today, the ecological tax hikes yield an annual revenue of around 20 billion euros or 0.6 percent of GDP. The money is used to finance a higher federal grant to the public pension scheme. Calculations based on a pension simulation model show that the contribution rate ...

2019| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Michelle Harnisch, Niklas Isaak
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Looking for the Missing Rich: Tracing the Top Tail of the Wealth Distribution

We analyse the top tail of the wealth distribution in France, Germany, and Spain using the first and second waves of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). Since top wealth is likely to be under-represented in household surveys, we integrate big fortunes from rich lists, estimate a Pareto distribution, and impute the missing rich. In addition to the Forbes list, we rely on national rich ...

In: International Tax and Public Finance 26 (2019), 6, S. 1234-1258 | Stefan Bach, Andreas Thiemann, Aline Zucco
Diskussionspapiere 1805 / 2019

Does the German Minimum Wage Help Low Income Households? Evidence from Observed Outcomes and the Simulation of Potential Effects

Does the federal minimum wage in Germany introduced in 2015 improve the income situation of low income households and reduce in-work poverty? Previous literature on its distributional impact was either focused on earnings and hourly wages (e.g. Caliendo et al., 2017), or is based on ex-ante simulations (e.g. Müller and Steiner, 2013). This paper provides systematic descriptive ex-post evidence on the ...

2019| Teresa Backhaus, Kai-Uwe Müller
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Health-Related Life Cycle Risks and Public Insurance

Based on a dynamic life cycle model, this study analyzes health-related risks of consumption and old-age poverty. The model allows for health effects on employment risks, on productivity, on longevity, the correlation between health risks, productivity and preferences, and the financial incentives of the German public insurance schemes. The estimation uses data on male employees and an extended expectation-maximization ...

In: Journal of Health Economics 65 (2019), S. 227-245 | Daniel Kemptner
Diskussionspapiere 1793 / 2019

Non-Take-Up of Means-Tested Social Benefits in Germany

This paper presents non-take-up rates of benefits from the German Income Support for Job Seekers scheme, called Unemployment Benefit II (Arbeitslosengeld II ). Eligibility to these benefits is simulated by applying a microsimulation model based on data from the Socio-economic Panel for the years 2005 to 2014. To ensure the quality of the results, feasible upper and lower bounds of nontake-up are shown ...

2019| Michelle Harnisch
DIW Weekly Report 26/27 / 2019

Fear of Stigmatization Prevents Individuals from Claiming Benefits

The desire to avoid the shame of being dependent on government aid is often cited as a cause of low welfare take-up rates. In contrast to other obstacles, such as transaction costs or a lack of information, little empirical research has been conducted on how stigma affects social benefits take-up. In this Weekly Report, a controlled laboratory experiment is presented whose results support the following ...

2019| Jana Friedrichsen, Renke Schmacker
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange...

17.10.2018| Cortnie Anne Shupe
134 results, from 21