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58 results, from 11
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Decomposition of Gender Pension Gaps Across Europe from a life-course perspective – preliminary drafts from sequence data analysis and Blinder-Oaxaca-Decompositions

My master thesis compares the impact of different life-courses on the Gender Pension Gaps across East and West Germany, Czechia and Italy. Using retrospective data on the dimensions of work and family from SHARELIFE, I contrast two different approaches. The first applies sequence data analysis to identify work-family life course patterns across all four countries as a first step, and includes...

11.03.2020| Carla Rowold, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Impact of Publicly Funded Childcare on Parental WellBeing: Evidence from CutOff Rules

As more and more countries consider expanding public childcare provision, it is important to have a comprehensive understanding of its implications for families. This article adds to the existing literature by investigating the effect of publicly funded childcare on parental subjective well-being. To establish causality, I exploit cut-off rules introduced following the implementation of a legal claim ...

In: European Journal of Population 36 (2020), 2, S. 171-196 | Sophia Schmitz
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Parental Labour Supply Responses to the Abolition of Day Care Fees

This paper provides evidence that low private contributions to highly subsidised day care constrain mothers from working longer hours. We study the effects of reforms that abolished day care fees in Germany on parental labour supply. The reforms removed private contributions to highly subsidised day care in the year before children enter primary school. We exploit the staggered reform across states ...

In: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 180 (2020), S. 510-543 | Mathias Huebener, Astrid Pape, C. Katharina Spiess
DIW Weekly Report 38 / 2020

Mothers in Eastern and Western Germany: Employment Rates and Attitudes Are Converging, Full-Time Employment is Not

Work and family life arrangements differed greatly between the east and west before German reunification in 1990. Since reunification, however, the employment rates of mothers with children requiring childcare have converged. This trend is accompanied by a growing approval of maternal employment, especially in western Germany. However, differences in actual working hours remain. Mothers in the east ...

2020| Denise Barth, Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spieß, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1893 / 2020

Who Are the Essential and Frontline Workers?

Identifying essential and frontline workers and understanding their characteristics is useful for policymakers and researchers in targeting social insurance and safety net policies in response to the COVID-19 crisis. We develop a working definition that may inform additional research and policy discussion and provide data on the demographic and labor market composition of these workers. In a three-step ...

2020| Francine D. Blau, Josefine Koebe, Pamela A. Meyerhofer
Zeitungs- und Blogbeiträge

Essential and Frontline Workers in the COVID-19 Crisis

In: EconoFact (2020), 30.04.2020, [Online-Artikel] | Francine D. Blau, Josefine Koebe, Pamela Meyerhofer
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The Effects of a Parenting Program on Maternal Well-Being: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial

This paper evaluates how a light-touch parenting program for parents of children below school entry age affects maternal family well-being. We analyze data from a randomized controlled trial focusing on non-disadvantaged parents. Overall, results show no short-term effects but a relatively large positive effect of the intervention on maternal family well-being in the medium term. With a 20- to 30-percent ...

In: The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy im Ersch. (2020), 26 S. | Georg F. Camehl, Christa Katharina Spiess, Kurt Hahlweg
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Early Education and Care Quality: Does It Matter for Maternal Working Hours?

This study investigates whether mothers whose children enter early childhood education and care (ECEC) centers of higher quality are more likely to work longer hours. The empirical analysis links the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) Study with the K2iD-SOEP extension study, which collected ECEC quality information from childcare centers across Germany. Based on a sample of 556 mothers of 628 children with ...

In: Social Science Research 86 (2020), 102378, 12 S. | Juliane F. Stahl, Pia S. Schober
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Paid Family Leave and Fertility: The Case of California

Current research on maternal and parental leave focuses on leave take-up and employment outcomes, finding that short leaves have beneficial labor market outcomes. As the US faces below replacement fertility and an aging population, we need to consider potential unintended fertility consequences of these policies. Generous European and Australian leave policies have increased fertility and...

05.06.2019| Pamela A. Meyerhofer (Cornell University)

Immigration and the Evolution of Local Cultural Norms

We study the local evolution of cultural norms in West Germany in reaction to the sudden presence of East Germans who migrated to the West after reunification. These migrants grew up with very high rates of maternal employment, whereas West German families followed the traditional breadwinner-housewife model. We find that West German women increase their labor supply and that this holds within household. ...

Bonn: IZA, 2019, 67 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 12509)
| Sophia Schmitz, Felix Weinhardt
58 results, from 11