The gender wage gap is a persistent and pervasive phenomenon observable in virtually all countries. It has strong implications for a society since it is one main driver of inequality in a country. Therefore, there exists an active public debate and an important academic literature that describes and quantifies the gender wage gap, analyses the reasons for this gap and discusses potential policy reforms to reduce the gender wage gap.
In this research project, we aim to extend this literature and to contribute to the policy debate in several dimensions. First, we focus on the evolution of the gender wage gap in Germany over the last decades. Second, we focus on the gender wage gap over the lifecycle and how it is related to the presence of children. Finally, we analyze how family policy affects the wages of mothers and the gender wage gap as a whole. One central focus of this project is on heterogeneity: in four different sub-projects, we analyze the gender wage gap not only for the population mean but for the whole wage distribution and for sub groups of specific interest.