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236 results, from 221
December 5, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Health risks and insurance against work incapacity over the life-cycle

Speaker: Daniel Kemptner
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

This paper proposes a structural life-cycle model to analyze the links between individuals' health, labor market participation, wealth accumulation, and early retirement. I rely on the framework of a dynamic programming discrete choice model which is estimated using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study. A sequential Expectation-Maximization algorithm is used to obtain good starting ...

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November 21, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Examining the Structure of Spatial Health Effects using Hierarchical Bayes Models

Speaker: joint work with Nicolas R. Ziebarth (Cornell University)
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

AbstractThis paper makes use of Hierarchical Bayes Models to model and estimate spatial health effects. We focus on Germany and combine rich individual-level household panel data with administrative county-level information to estimate spatial county-level health dependencies. As dependent variable, we use the generic, continuous, and quasi-objective SF12 health measure. Our findings reveal strong ...

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November 7, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Liquidity Constraints and the Permanent Income Hypothesis: Pseudo Panel Estimation with German Consumption Survey Data

Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

Abstract:This paper empirically investigates the relevance of liquidity constraints and excess sensitivity in intertemporal household consumption. Using a pseudo panel that has been constructed on rich German consumption survey data, we estimate the consumption responses to permanent and transitory income shocks, as well as the presence of excess sensitivity to anticipated income changes. A ...

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October 24, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labour Market Outcomes

Speaker: Nils Saniter
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

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October 24, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Economics of Information: How Job Information Centers affect Educational Choices and Labor Market Outcomes

Speaker: joint work with Thomas Siedler (University of Hamburg), Nils Saniter
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

AbstractThis paper exploits the effects of job information centers in West Germany on pupils' educational and occupational choices, as well as on their labor market outcomes in later life. This paper contributes to the very sparse literature on the impacts of the public provision of labor market related information. We exploit the fact that West Germany job information centers were introduced at ...

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July 18, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Wage Mobility in East and West Germany

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Regina T. Riphahn (LMU Munich), Daniel D. Schnitzlein
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

This article studies long run patterns and explanations of wage mobility as a characteristic of regional labor markets. Using German administrative data we describe wage mobility since 1975 in West and since 1992 in East Germany. Wage mobility declined substantially in East Germany in the 1990s and moderately in East and West Germany since the late 1990s. Therefore, wage mobility does not balance ...

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July 4, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The treatment effect of attending a high-quality school and the influence of unobservables

Speaker: Johanna Storck, Ronny Freier
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

This paper studies the effect of attending a high-quality middle school on subsequent educational outcomes. The analysis is based on data from the German socio-economic household panel in which we observe children when they make their secondary school decisions (in the age between 10-12) and later when they self-report on their intentions with regard to their further educational pathway (in ...

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June 6, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Effects of introducing a general interest barrier - Evidence from the German corporate tax reform 2008

Speaker: Hermann Buslei, Martin Simmler
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

In this study we investigate the impact of the thin capitalization rule (TCR) introduced in Germany in 2008 on firms; capital structure, investment and profitability. Since all firms are better off by avoiding the TCR, this means analyzing firms; behavior to avoid the TCR. The identification of the causal effects is based on the escape clauses in the regulation using a difference-in-difference ...

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May 16, 2012
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

SOEP Brown Bag Seminar: Day care (quality) and differences in child outcomes
Day care (quality) and differences in child outcomes

Speaker: Frauke Peter
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Studies in recent years show that universal child care has a beneficial impact on children‘s outcomes (e.g., Havnes/Mogstad 2009, 2011, Datta‐Gupta/Simonsen 2010, 2011). However evidence remains mixed on whether all types of day care attendance have a positive effect on children's development.  Some papers show that day care attendance can also negatively influence child ...

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May 9, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Generalized Roy Model and The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Social Programs

Speaker: Philipp Eisenhauer (ZEW Mannheim)
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 16:30-17:30

The standard analysis of treatment eff ects only considers the gross benefi t of treatment and does not consider the cost as perceived by the agents or the surplus arising from participation in programs (the private subjective evaluation of the program). This paper extends the analysis of Heckman and Vytlacil (1999, 2005) to identify parameters measuring the costs and net gains of arising from ...

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April 11, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Labor supply of mothers with young children: Validating a structural model using a natural experiment

Speaker: Katharina Wrohlich
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:00-13:00

In this paper we estimate an intertemporal structural model of labor supply for mothers with young children. In order to validate the structural model, we make use of a recently introduced parental leave reform in Germany. We compare the behavioral predictions of the structural model under the reform (out-of-sample fit) to results based on an evaluation of the parental leave reform as a natural ...

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April 3, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Effects of changes in student composition on teacher mobility. Evidence from the admission reform

Speaker: Krzysztof Karbownik (Uppsala University)
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

This paper examines teacher job mobility using matcher employee-employer panel data from Stockholm municipality upper secondary schools. I utilize the exogenous change in upper secondary school admission which led to the sharp reshuffling of students within the municipality. This quasi experimental set up provides a unique opportunity to investigate the relationship between changes in student ...

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March 21, 2012
Berlin Lunchtime Meeting

Bildungssystem in Deutschland: Die langfristigen Effekte der Schulwahl auf Bildungsabschlüsse und auf Löhne

Location: Schumpeter Saal
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:00 - 13:00

Vortrag: Prof. Christian Dustmann, PhD. | University College London Kommentar: Martin Spiewak | DIE ZEITModeration: Prof. Dr. C. Katharina Spieß | DIW Berlin In Zeiten zunehmender sozialer Ungleichheit in Deutschland wird der frühen Selektion der Schulkinder im Alter von 10 Jahren durch das dreigliedrige Schulsystem immer mehr der Vorwurf gemacht, sie trage zur Zementierung von ...

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February 29, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Risks and Returns to Educational Fields - A financial asset approach to vocational and academic education

Speaker: Johanna Storck

Applying a financial assets approach, we investigate the risks and returns to investments into different types of human capital. Even so the returns from investing in human capital have expensively been studied, little is known about the properties of the return to different types of human capital. Using information from the German Micro Census, we estimate the risk and returns to around 70 fields ...

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January 18, 2012
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Dynamics of Earnings in Germany: Evidence from Social Security Records

Speaker: Holger Lüthen
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

We examine patterns of earnings volatility for male employees who are subject to statutory social security contributions in West Germany over the period 1986 - 2005. For this purpose, we analyse individual records covering highly reliable earnings biographies provided by the German Social Security Administration. We decompose earnings into permanent and transitory components and estimate ...

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November 23, 2011
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

When can we trust population thresholds in regression discontinuity designs

Speaker: Florian Ade, Ronny Freier
Location: Eleanor-Dulles-Raum
DIW Berlin im Quartier 110
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

A recent literature uses variation just around legislative population thresholds to identify causal effects of institutional changes. We review the use of regression discontinuity designs using such thresholds. Our concern is threefold: (1) simultaneous exogenous (co-)treatment, (2) simultaneous endogenous choices and (3) manipulation and precise control over population measures. Revisiting the ...

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236 results, from 221
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