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236 results, from 21
February 28, 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Optimal Benefit-Based Corporate Income Tax

Speaker: Simon Naitram, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

Abstract:   I derive an optimal benefit-based corporate tax rate formula as a function of the public input elasticity of profits and the (net of) tax elasticity of profits. I argue that the existence of the corporate income tax should be justified by the benefit-based view of taxation: firms should pay tax according to the benefits they receive from the use of the public input. I argue that ...

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February 5, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Refugees and the resident populations' mental health

Speaker: Daniel Graeber
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

We estimate the effect of a sudden increase in the inflow of refugees on the native population’s mental health in Germany and Swiss. To identify the effect of the sudden influx of refugees to Germany and Swiss, we exploit the quasi-random allocation of the number of refugees to counties in Germany and Swiss. For Germany, we make use of the Socio-Economic Panel. For Swiss, we use individual ...

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January 22, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Can training help to keep old men in employment? - first draft of the structural model design.

Speaker: Theresa Backhaus
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

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January 8, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

A firm-side perspective on parental leave

Speaker: Mathias Huebener
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

A large literature documents effects of parental leave on mothers' labour market outcomes, yet we know very little about the effects on their  firms and co-workers. We use unique administrative data that covers the universe of employees subject to social security and firms in Germany to address this question. We first establish some novel stylised facts in parental leave-taking   ...

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December 13, 2019
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Knowledge Spillover and Individual Careers

Speaker: Thomas Cornelissen, University of York
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

Abstract: Through social interaction in the workplace, coworkers are likely to learn from each other (knowledge spillover) and this may extend the returns to firm-provided training from trained workers onto untrained coworkers. Based on German matched-employer employee data covering the universe of employees we investigate whether unskilled workers derive long-term career benefits if they were ...

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December 11, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The effect of xenophobic attacks on refugees’ mental health

Speaker: Felicitas Schikora
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

The high prevalence of forced migration in recent years has induced a shift in attitudes towards immigrants and refugees and, in turn, increasing xenophobic violence. We address this topic and estimate the effect of xenophobic attacks against refugee shelters on refugees’ mental health. For this purpose, we combine two innovative data sets: administrative records on xenophobic crime by ...

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November 27, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

A question of gender: How promotions affect earnings

Speaker: Aline Zucco
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Occupational positions can explain an important part of the differences in pay between men and women. However, a considerable Gender Pay Gap exists even within the same occupational position. In this paper, we aim at understanding the reason for the gap within occupational positions and, therefore, investigate whether promotions lead to the same effect on earnings growth for men and women. ...

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November 15, 2019
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Mothers Working during Preschool Years and Child Skills. Does Income Compensate?

Speaker: Emma Tominey, University of York
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

Abstract: Increasing mothers’ labour supply in a child’s preschool years can cause a reduction in time investments that can lead to a negative direct effect on mid-childhood and teenage outcomes. As mothers’ work hours increase, income will rise and we ask whether income can compensate for the negative effect of hours by adopting a novel mediation analysis that exploits exogenous ...

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November 13, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Average Wage Gaps and Expected Wage Cuts - An Investigation of Selection Neglect Bias in Income Expectations

Speaker: Annekatrin Schrenker
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Economists spend much of their lives talking about and correcting for sample selection. Recent evidence from behavioral economics documents that participants in lab experiments don't account for selection effects when they interpret conditional distributions. This "selection neglect" can distort expectations in settings where individuals learn from comparisons with other people who differ in ...

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October 30, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Does later retirement change your health care consumption? Evidence from France

Speaker: Elsa Perdrix, Paris School of Economics
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper examines the causal impact of later retirement on outpatient care consumption among the French elderly. Outpatient care are defined as all the care provided out of the hospital setting. This question is of interest since spill effects may arise if later retirement increases health care expenditures. To deal with reverse causality issue, I use, as an instrumental variable, the 1993 ...

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October 25, 2019
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Salience of Inherited Wealth and the Support for Inheritance Taxation

Speaker: Daniel Waldenström, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13.15 - 14.30

Abstract: We study how attitudes to inheritance taxation are influenced by information about the role of inherited wealth in society. Using a randomized experiment in a register-linked Swedish survey, we find that informing individuals about the large aggregate importance of inherited wealth and its link to inequality of opportunity significantly increases the support for inheritance taxation. The ...

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August 7, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Investment Losses and Inequality

Speaker: Johannes König
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Systematic differences along the wealth distribution in investment performance will potentially have large consequences for the level and persistence of wealth inequality. These differences in performance are hard to measure except in a few, select countries with detailed information on household portfolios. In this paper we use a modified version of the Global Capital Asset Pricing Model ...

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July 24, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Wealth inequality in Germany, 1895-2017

Speaker: Charlotte Bartels
Location: Joan Robinson Room
DIW Berlin
Room 3.3.002a
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

(together with Thilo Albers (HU Berlin) und Moritz Schularick (Uni Bonn)) This paper provides the first long-run wealth inequality series for Germany. We combine wealth tax data, survey data, national accounts' household balance sheets, and lists of large wealth holders to study the accumulation and distribution of wealth in Germany from 1895 to 2017. We find that wealth concentration in ...

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July 10, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Better Together? Heterogeneous Effects of Tracking on Student Achievement

Speaker: Sönke Matthewes (WZB)
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

This study estimates mean and distributional effects of early between-school ability tracking on student achievement. For identification, I exploit heterogeneity in tracking regimes between German federal states. After comprehensive primary school, about 40% of students are selected for the academic track and taught in separate schools in all states. The remaining students, however, are either ...

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June 21, 2019
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

The Roots of Inequality: Estimating Inequality of
Opportunity from Regression Trees and Forests

Speaker: Paul Hufe, ifo Insititut, München
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

The seminar serves as a forum for discussing current research projects by researchers from universities and research institutes in Germany and around the world. The focus of the presented work is typically on applied microeconomics or applied microeconometrics. Time: Friday, 13.15 - 14.30 (time subject to variation) Please note that DIW Applied Micro Seminar will take place online during the ...

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June 12, 2019
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

New International Evidence on the Effects of Minimum Wages

Speaker: David Neumark, University of California, Irvine
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13.15 - 14.30

The seminar serves as a forum for discussing current research projects by researchers from universities and research institutes in Germany and around the world. The focus of the presented work is typically on applied microeconomics or applied microeconometrics. Time: Friday, 13.15 - 14.30 (time subject to variation) Please note that DIW Applied Micro Seminar will take place online during the ...

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June 7, 2019
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Collaborative Learning & Student Outcomes: Evidence from a Field Experiment

Speaker: Nabanita Datta Gupta, Aarhus University
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13.15 - 14.30

The seminar serves as a forum for discussing current research projects by researchers from universities and research institutes in Germany and around the world. The focus of the presented work is typically on applied microeconomics or applied microeconometrics. Time: Friday, 13.15 - 14.30 (time subject to variation) Please note that DIW Applied Micro Seminar will take place online during the ...

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June 5, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Paid Family Leave and Fertility: The Case of California

Speaker: Pamela A. Meyerhofer (Cornell University)
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Current research on maternal and parental leave focuses on leave take-up and employment outcomes, finding that short leaves have beneficial labor market outcomes. As the US faces below replacement fertility and an aging population, we need to consider potential unintended fertility consequences of these policies. Generous European and Australian leave policies have increased fertility and ...

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May 29, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Changing the incentive to pollute: Heterogeneous effects of waste pricing policies

Speaker: Marica Valente
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

To internalize pollution externalities of municipal waste, Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) pricing schemes for unsorted waste are adopted worldwide. This paper estimates causal effects of PAYT on unsorted, recycling and total waste generation, and analyzes the determinants of policy adoption and compliance. The empirical strategy uses a multiple random forest approach on a unique six-year panel data ...

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May 15, 2019
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Impact of Formal Child Care on Parenting Intensity

Speaker: Jonas Jessen
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

(together with C. Katharina Spieß and Sevrin Waights) We examine the impact of day care usage on parenting activities. We measure parenting activities as the amount of time that parents spend on child rearing and, in particular, on educational activities with children. Using time-use data and panel data of a household survey, we estimate the effects at the extensive (use vs. non-use) ...

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236 results, from 21
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