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June 15, 2022
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

A decomposition of the life-cycle part-time wage gap: Forgone promotion prospects and stagnant wage growth within job levels

Speaker: Boryana Ilieva
Location: Karl Popper Room
DIW Berlin
Room 2.3.020
Mohrenstr. 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30-13:30

Long periods of part-time work lead to a stagnation of wage growth. In this paper, I study how the wage stagnation decomposes in lack of career development and the lack of wage growth conditional on the career level. I develop a dynamic choice model of labor supply which distinctly incorporates vertical career moves to jobs paying higher wages as a function of the choice of hours of work. I ...

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February 2, 2022
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Effects of Shortening Potential Benefit Duration: Evidence from Regional Cut-offs and a Policy Reform

Speaker: Jonas Jessen
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 14:00-15:00

We quantify labour market effects of changes in the potential benefit duration (PBD) in Poland. Individual workers' PBD depends on the county unemployment rate relative to the national average---12 months of PBD above a cut-off of 125 per cent and 6 months below. This cut-off shifted from 125 to 150 per cent in a 2009 reform. We utilize (i) the natural experiment of the reform and (ii) the ...

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December 9, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Women's managerial representation and the gender pay gap

Speaker: Virginia Sondergeld
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper analyzes the impact of women's managerial representation on the gender pay gap among subordinates on the establishment level using German Linked-Employer-Employee-Data. For identification of a causal effect we employ two estimation strategies: 1) a panel model with establishment fixed effects and 2) an event study estimation around a discrete shift in managerial representation. We find ...

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November 25, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Increasing employment and family care? A structural analysis of pension and long-term care policy reforms

Speaker: Björn Fischer
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

We develop a comprehensive life-cycle model of elder parent care and work to evaluate options that address pressing conflicts between pension and long-term care (LTC) policies. Many OECD countries react to challenges of demographic change by increasing LTC by family members (informal care) and raising retirement ages. This intensifies conflicts between paid employment and informal care provision. ...

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July 21, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The dynamics of informal and formal care supply to parents - a structural model

Speaker: Björn Fischer
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

In this paper, we estimate a structural dynamic discrete choice model of informal as well as formal care provision, retirement and labor supply. The model allows to assess the dynamic consequences of providing informal care or organizing formal care for parents, e.g., due to reduced wages, pension benefits, or benefits from long-term care insurance. Further, it allows to analyze counterfactual ...

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June 23, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Parental Leave and Discrimination on the Labor Market

Speaker: Katharina Wrohlich
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

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May 28, 2021
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Social Mobility and Economic Development

Speaker: Guido Neidhöfer, ZEW
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

We explore the role of social mobility as driver of economic development. First, we draw the geography of intergenerational mobility of education for 52 Latin American regions, as well as its evolution over time. Then, through a novel weighting procedure that considers the aggregate participation of cohorts to the economy in every year, we estimate the effect of changes in mobility on economic ...

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May 12, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Intergenerational Effects of Grandparental Care on Children and Parents

Speaker: Elena Ziege
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Grandparents act as the third biggest care giver besides day care and parental care for children below the age of 6 in most OECD countries. Despite its relevance, the effects of child care provided by grandparents on child and parental outcomes have received little attention in the literature. We investigate the potential impact of grandparental care on children's ...

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February 19, 2021
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Health Effects of Prenatal and Infancy Home Visiting Programs by Nurses: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial

Speaker: Gabriella Conti, University College London
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

Home visiting programmes are increasingly being implemented across the globe to help vulnerable families with young children, however longer-term experimental evidence on their health impacts on both parents and children is scarce. In this paper we study the medium-term health impacts of a randomized control trial to evaluate the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), one of the oldest home visitation ...

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February 17, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

Speaker: Jonas Jessen
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper examines how culture determines within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture to those in a gender-traditional culture. The long-run penalty on the female income share is 30.9% in West German couples, compared to 18.3% in East German ...

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February 3, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Responses to unexpected and permanent changes in pension income

Speaker: Sebastian Becker
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

For the design of pension reform it is crucial to disentangle the employment effects related to the substitution and the income effect. In this paper we provide causal evidence about the importance of the income effect which in general has been assumed to be small or non-existent. We exploit a pension reform in Germany that raised pension benefits related to children. For ...

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January 20, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Gentrification and Rent Control

Speaker: Niklas Gohl
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Since the start of the century, particularly in urban centres, housing markets worldwide have experienced stark price and rent increases. As a consequence urban agglomerations have experienced strong changes in their neighbourhood composition with originally poorer, central areas gentrifying quickly. Governments have reacted by raising the topic of affordable housing on the ...

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January 13, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Informal care, work and retirement - choices in conflict? A structural model

Speaker: Björn Fischer
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper estimates a structural dynamic discrete choice model on parental care provision, retirement and labor supply. We want to estimate the dynamic consequences of providing informal care or organizing formal care for care dependent parents. While there might be negative long term consequences on wages and retirement benefits, agents might respond to incentives in the long term care ...

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December 2, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Long-Term Effects of Equal Sharing: Evidence from Inheritance Rules for Land

Speaker: Charlotte Bartels
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

What are the long-term economic effects of a more equal distribution of wealth? We exploit variation in historical inheritance rules for land traversing political, linguistic, geological, and religious borders in Germany. In some German areas, inherited land was to be shared or divided equally among children, while in others land was ruled to be indivisible. Using a geographic regression ...

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November 18, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Early retirement of employees in demanding jobs: evidence from a German pension reform

Speaker: Johannes Geyer
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Workers in demanding jobs may be particularly negatively affected by an increasing statutory retirement age. We exploit a pension reform that raised the early retirement age of women from 60 to 63 years in Germany. Based on a large administrative social security data set we exploit the quasi-natural experiment using a regression-discontinuity approach. We find the same relative employment ...

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October 22, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Effect of Air Quality Alerts on School Absenteeism - Evidence from New York City

Speaker: Luis Sarmiento
Time: 12:00 - 13:00

This study examines the relationship between air quality alerts and school absenteeism in New York City. Examining the effects of the alerts in school attendance is relevant because it helps us understand parents' avoidance behavior in situations of exacerbated exposure to air contaminants. Causality arises by exploiting the deterministic nature of the alerts with regression discontinuity ...

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October 9, 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

The Gender Gap in Student Performance: The Role of the Testing Environment

Speaker: Almudena Sevilla, University College London
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time:
Note the time change:
13:30 - 14:45

Abstract:   Our research question is to what extent does the familiarity with the testing environment impact the relative performance of boys and girls in standardized testing. We use an RCT-design on the full population of students in Grade 6 and 10 across several subjects in the Region of Madrid (Spain). This standardized test was either "Externally" administered, meaning that teachers ...

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June 16, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Effect of Retirement on Health - Evidence from Administrative Data

Speaker: Mara Barschkett
Time: 12:00 - 13:00

We combine unique data that include all practitioner health diagnoses based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) collected from all publicly insured individuals in Germany with a sizable cohort specific pension reform to study the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. For the analysis, we use a cohort specific regression discontinuity design. The ...

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June 12, 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Local News, UGC and Professionals: Evidence from Citizen Journalism

Speaker: Jörg Claussen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time:
13:15 - 14:30

Abstract:  User generated content is increasingly substituting content created by professionals. Local news that is generated by citizen journalists could be a promising way of supporting the struggling newspaper industry by reducing costs for professional journalists. We study a network of 122 local Austrian newspapers operating a hybrid model of citizen and professional journalism. We first ...

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April 24, 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

What do we want? And when do we want it? Alternative objectives and their implications for experimental design.

Speaker: Maximilian Kasy, University of Oxford
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time:
13:15 - 14:30

Summary:  This talk will provide a survey of several papers on the theory and practice of experimental design. I will compare different objectives (estimator precision, outcomes of participants, informing policy choice to maximize average outcomes, and informing policy choice to maximize utilitarian welfare), and their implications for experimental design. I will consider heuristic ...

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