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Press Release

Eight Years After Real Estate Transfer Tax Reform: Most German States Seize Opportunity for Tax Increases

The financial relationship between central government and the federal states is about to undergo major reforms. In addition to reorganizing financial equalization, policy-makers are now discussing providing financial aid for structurally weak regions once the Solidarity Pact expires, bolstering the general financial strength of states and establishing an effective debt ceiling. Against this backdrop, ...

10.12.2014
Press Release

Lifetime Earnings of Workers in Germany: Inequality Doubles Between 1935 and 1972 Birth Cohorts

Income inequality is usually considered in terms of its current development. A long-term perspective allows us to compare the income situation of today’s generation with that of their parents. For the first time ever, we have measured the inequality of wages and salaries earned over an entire working lifetime using a new kind of dataset. The findings show that the inequality of lifetime social ...

03.12.2014
Economic Bulletin

European Unemployment Insurance: Economic Stability without Major Redistribution of Household Incomes

by Ferdinand Fichtner and Peter Haan in: DIW Economic Bulletin 10/2014 Depending on how it is structured, the introduction of a European unemployment insurance within the euro area could make a significant contribution to stabilizing economic developments. This even applies to a relatively small-scale system (based on the volume of transfers) with a maximum eligibility period of six months and ...

17.11.2014
Press Release

Development of Corporate Earnings: Positive But Inconsistent

Statistics on corporate earnings in Germany are still not being recorded satisfactorily, despite them being an important economic indicator. To date, DaFNE remains a seldom-used data basis for describing company profits. It includes statutory financial statements (balance sheet, profit and loss statement) in a longitudinal (panel) data format that enables individual company profits to be tracked and ...

05.11.2014
Press Release

Average Income of Women Only Half That of Men

The first ever gender-specific analysis of income and tax distribution in Germany has been implemented using the most recently available data on personal income tax statistics from 2007. According to its findings, the average income of women is only half that of men. This income gap is less pronounced in capital and rental income than in earned income. The total average personal income tax burden for ...

27.08.2014
Press Release

Marriage- and Family-Related Payments in Retirement: Important for Economic Stability of Families

Family-related breaks in employment often lead to lower statutory pension entitlements, especially for retired mothers. Against this background, the legislation for marriage- and family-related payments has been designed to compensate for such deficits in old-age provision. These payments are directly related to old-age pensions and can be of relevant importance for the economic stability of families ...

04.06.2014
Press Release

Distributional Effects of Increasing the Insurance Periods Recognized for Bringing Up Children

The planned increase of the insurance periods recognized for bringing up children (Mütterrente) will increase the pension contribution rate by an average of 0.3 percentage points and reduce the gross pension level by an average of 0.4 percentage points by 2018. However, since government subsidies to the pension system are to be gradually increased from 2019, the longer-term impact on contribution ...

14.05.2014
Press Release

Improving the Reconciliation of Familiy and Work Through a New Wage Benefit for Family Working Time

According to current survey results the reconciliation of family and work is still very difficult for a lot of parents. Most parents seek to share gainful employment and family duties more equally. Yet, financial incentives often favor the conventional single- or one and a halfearner model. In a study commissioned by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the Hans Bockler Foundation DIW Berlin has investigated ...

13.11.2013
Economic Bulletin

Germany Must Invest More in Its Future

by: S. Bach, G. Baldi, K. Bernoth, J. Blazejczak, B. Bremer, J. Diekmann, D. Edler, B. Farkas, F. Fichtner, M. Fratzscher, M. Gornig, C. Kemfert, U. Kunert, H. Link, K. Neuhoff, W.-P. Schill, C. K. Spieß in: DIW Economic Bulletin 08/2013. Shortly before the parliamentary election in 2013, Germany is riding on a wave of euphoria: hardly any other euro country has weathered the financial and debt ...

09.08.2013
Economic Bulletin

More Growth through Higher Investment

by: Stefan Bach, Guido Baldi, Kerstin Bernoth, Björn Bremer, Beatrice Farkas, Ferdinand Fichtner, Marcel Fratzscher, Martin Gornig in: DIW Economic Bulletin 08/2013. While many countries in the euro area are deep in recession due to a debt and structural crisis, the German economy appears to have excelled compared to many other euro area countries. Unemployment has fallen to the lowest level since ...

09.08.2013
Press Release

Every Child Reaching Age One Legally Entitled to Day Care Place or Family Care: Number of Working Mothers to Increase and Child Development Might Benefit

From August 2013, every child in Germany who has reached his or her first birthday will have a legal right to a place in a childcare facility or family day care. What effects does this have on the mothers' economic activity and child development? Our findings show that the legal entitlement to this type of formal care is expected to lead to an increase in mothers' gainful employment of up to two percentage ...

07.08.2013
Report

Corporate Taxation: High Profits, Moderate Tax Revenue

By Stefan Bach in; DIW Economic Bulletin 07/2013.If the revenue from corporate taxation in Germany is divided by the corporate income figures from national accounts, companies' average tax burden for the period 2001 to 2008 is 21 percent. This rate is considerably lower than the statutory tax rates for this period. The reason for this is that tax-reported corporate income was well below macroeconomic ...

15.07.2013
Press Release

Mother’s Education Benefits Children’s Health

Young people tend to smoke more, do less sport, and are more frequently overweight, the lower their mother's school-leaving qualifications. This has been shown by a study conducted by DIW Berlin using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). At least some of these health-related differences can be causally attributed to the mother's education. Social differences are already reflected ...

30.01.2013
Press Release

Care Market: Threat of Labor Shortages Can Be Counteracted

Wochenbericht 51-52/2012 Interview mit Erika Schulz The rise in the number of old and very old persons, contingent on demographic factors, and the substantial reduction in the number of people of working age present a major challenge to the care industry. Although many of those needing care today are looked after by family members at home, they are increasingly reliant on the support of out-patient ...

20.12.2012
Report

Minimum Wage in Construction Industry: No Evidence of Employment Effects

The debate on a general statutory minimum wage in Germany prevails. Meanwhile, there have been comprehensive evaluations of minimum wages for specific industries. The present paper discusses the empirical studies on the wage and employment effects of the minimum wage in the German construction industry. These studies were unable to provide substantial evidence of employment effects. Both the limited ...

21.11.2012
Report

Revival of Wealth Tax: Considerable Potential Revenue Despite Tax Avoidance to Be Expected

Abstract:Following a Federal Constitutional Court sentence, wealth tax has not been levied in Germany since 1997. A possible revival has since regularly been the subject of political debate. Several German federal states are currently preparing to submit a bill to the Bundesrat. A basic scenario envisages individuals (natural persons), corporations, and other legal entities being taxed at a uniform ...

17.10.2012
Press Release

Rising EEG Surcharge: Undesirable Distribution Effects Can Be Reduced

2013 will see a significant increase in the surcharge stipulated by the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) and paid by power consumers to promote the use of renewable energies. This will equate to a rise in the share of private households’ consumer spending on electricity from around 2.3 percent on average in 2011 or almost 2.4 percent in 2012 to almost 2.5 percent in 2013. The EEG surcharge ...

10.10.2012
Economic Bulletin

Capital Levies : A Step Towards Improving Public Finances in Europe

Capital Levies : A Step Towards Improving Public Finances in EuropeBy: Stefan Bach in: DIW Economic Bulletin 8/2012.Ever since the financial and economic crisis of 2008/2009, public debt in almost all OECD countries has increased significantly. The European debt crisis has further intensified over the past few weeks. Private households with high levels of wealth and income could be enlisted to help ...

03.08.2012
Economic Bulletin

"Private Wealth Could Be Used to Stabilize Public Finances" Six Questions to Stefan Bach

"Private Wealth Could Be Used to Stabilize Public Finances" Six Questions to Stefan Bach

03.08.2012
Report

Capital Levies - A Step Towards Improving Public Finances in Europe

Abstract: Ever since the financial and economic crisis of 2008/2009, public debt in almost all OECD countries has increased significantly. The European debt crisis has further intensified over the past few weeks. Private households with high levels of wealth and income could be enlisted to help with refinancing and reducing this public debt through forced loans and one-off capital levies, without a ...

11.07.2012
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