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Gender, Loneliness and Happiness during COVID-19

Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

Anthony Lepinteur, Andrew E. Clark, Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Alan Piper, Carsten Schröder, Conchita D’Ambrosio

In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 101 (2022), 101952, 7 S.

Abstract

We analyse a measure of loneliness from a representative sample of German individuals interviewed in both 2017 and at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Both men and women felt lonelier during the COVID-19 pandemic than they did in 2017. The pandemic more than doubled the gender loneliness gap: women were lonelier than men in 2017, and the 2017-2020 rise in loneliness was far larger for women. This rise is mirrored in life-satisfaction scores. Men's life satisfaction changed only little between 2017 and 2020; yet that of women fell dramatically, and sufficiently so to produce a female penalty in life satisfaction. We estimate that almost all of this female penalty is explained by the disproportionate rise in loneliness for women during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Carsten Schröder

Board of Directors SOEP and Division Head Applied Panel Analysis in the German Socio-Economic Panel study Department



JEL-Classification: I10;I14;I18;I30
Keywords: Loneliness, life satisfaction, gender, COVID-19, SOEP
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2022.101952

Supplementary Materials
https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S2214804322001239-mmc1.docx

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