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Culture and Institutions: Long-lasting effects of communism on risk and time preferences of individuals in Europe

Aufsätze referiert extern - Web of Science

Johannes Schaewitz, Mei Wang, Marc Oliver Rieger

In: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 202 (2022), 785-829


Even three decades after the end of communism in Eastern Europe, there are still observable differences in financial risk and time preferences compared to Western Europe. Using data from two large-scale surveys – one including European countries (INTRA) and one for West and East Germany (SOEP) – we show that the causes of these differences are not the same: While differences in loss aversion and patience are most likely caused by deeply rooted cultural differences that date back even before communist times, other differences can be explained by experiences during the communist era and the transition processes that followed. These insights may also help to predict what differences are more likely to converge in the near future.

Themen: Persönlichkeit

Keywords: Prospect theory; Time preferences; Socialist institutions; Transition; Cross-cultural comparison
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