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Thema Forschung und Entwicklung

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1066 Ergebnisse, ab 1
  • Diskussionspapiere 2030 / 2023

    Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Performance of Start-Ups

    Self-efficacy reflects the self-belief that one can persistently perform difficult and novel tasks while coping with adversity. As such beliefs reflect how individuals behave, think, and act, they are key for successful entrepreneurial activities. While existing literature mainly analyzes the influence of the task-related construct of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, we take a different perspective and ...

    2023| Marco Caliendo, Alexander S. Kritikos, Daniel Rodriguez, Claudia Stier
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Substituting Clean for Dirty Energy: A Bottom-Up Analysis

    We fit CES and VES production functions to data from a numerical bottom-up optimization model of electricity supply with clean and dirty inputs. This approach allows for studying high shares of clean energy not observable today and for isolating mechanisms that impact the elasticity of substitution between clean and dirty energy. Central results show that (i) dirty inputs are not essential for production. ...

    In: Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists im Ersch. (2023), [online first: 2022-08-29] | Fabian Stöckl, Alexander Zerrahn
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    The Hidden Homeownership Welfare State: An International Long-term Perspective on the Tax Treatment of Homeowners

    Welfare is traditionally understood as social security decommodifying labour markets or as social investment policies. In the domain of housing, however, welfare for homeowners is largely hidden in the tax codes’ fiscal exemptions. Based on a content analysis of legislation, this article introduces a novel yearly database of 37 countries between 1901 and 2020 to uncover the “hidden welfare state” of ...

    In: Journal of Public Policy im Ersch. (2023), [online first: 2022-10-21] | Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl, Artem Korzhenevych, Linus Pfeiffer
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    A Lasting Crisis Affects R&D Decisions of Smaller Firms: The Greek experience

    We use the prolonged Greek crisis as a case study to understand how a lasting economic shock affects the innovation strategies of firms in economies with moderate innovation activities. Adopting the 3-stage CDM model, we explore the link between R&D, innovation, and productivity for different size groups of Greek manufacturing firms during the prolonged crisis. At the first stage, we find that the ...

    In: The Journal of Technology Transfer im Ersch. (2023), [Online first: 2022-08-08] | Ioannis Giotopoulos, Alexander S. Kritikos, Aggelos Tsakanikas
  • Pressemitteilung

    Ausgaben für Forschung und Entwicklung in Deutschland 2020 deutlich gesunken

    Unternehmen in Deutschland steckten 2020 fast acht Prozent weniger Geld in Forschung und Entwicklung (FuE) – Personal entließen sie in diesem Bereich hingegen kaum – Wachstum der Forschungsausgaben schon vor 2020 wenig dynamisch – China ist mittlerweile weltweit wichtigster Industrieforschungsstandort – Gemeinsame europäische Forschungspolitik sollte gestärkt werden Die Ausgaben für Forschung und ...

  • Pressemitteilung

    Hohe Preise für Kupfer, Lithium, Nickel und Kobalt könnten Energiewende ausbremsen

    Studie am DIW Berlin geht Frage nach, wie sich die Energiewende auf die Preise bestimmter Metalle auswirken könnte – Preise dürften in Szenario auf historische Niveaus klettern – Energiewende würde sich verteuern und verzögern - Global koordinierte Klimapolitik könnte gegensteuern und Planungssicherheit für Metallproduzenten schaffen Die Energiewende kann ...

  • Externe Monographien

    Intangible Capital and Productivity Divergence

    Understanding the causes of the slowdown in aggregate productivity growth is key to maintaining the competitiveness of advanced economies and ensuring long-term economic prosperity. This paper is the first to provide evidence that investment in intangible capital, despite having a positive effect on productivity at the micro level, is a driver of the weak productivity performance at the aggregate level ...

    Tilburg: Tilburg University, 2022, 69 S.
    (TILEC Discussion Paper ; 2022-08)
    | Marie Le Mouel, Alexander Schiersch
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Incubators, Accelerators and Urban Economic Development

    We combine theory and evidence on incubator and accelerator programmes and their effects on urban economic development. These structured co-working programmes have grown rapidly. However, a rich descriptive literature reveals little about their impact on participants or surrounding urban areas. We situate programmes in a conceptual framework of co-location tools, theorise objectives and benefits and ...

    In: Urban Studies 59 (2022), 2, S 281-300 | Margarida Madaleno, Max Nathan, Henry Overman, Sevrin Waights
  • Diskussionspapiere 2029 / 2022

    The Influence of Start-up Motivation on Entrepreneurial Performance

    Predicting entrepreneurial development based on individual and business-related characteristics is a key objective of entrepreneurship research. In this context, we investigate whether the motives of becoming an entrepreneur influence the subsequent entrepreneurial development. In our analysis, we examine a broad range of business outcomes including survival and income, as well as job creation, expansion ...

    2022| Marco Caliendo, Alexander S. Kritikos, Claudia Stier
  • DIW Wochenbericht 45 / 2022

    Forschung in der deutschen Industrie: hohe Intensität, aber geringe Dynamik

    Die Ausgaben für Forschung und Entwicklung (FuE) sind in Deutschland im Corona-Jahr 2020 im Vergleich zu 2019 um insgesamt 5,3 Prozent gesunken. Während die OECD-Länder erstmals in einem Krisenjahr ihre FuE-Aufwendungen im Durchschnitt sogar leicht erhöhten, ging es am Forschungsstandort Deutschland stärker bergab als in der Finanzkrise im Jahr 2009 – insbesondere in der Industrie und hierbei im Kraftfahrzeugbau. ...

    2022| Heike Belitz
1066 Ergebnisse, ab 1