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Shocks, Individual Risk Attitude, and Vulnerability to Poverty among Rural Households in Thailand and Vietnam

Aufsätze referiert extern - Web of Science

Oliver Gloede, Lukas Menkhoff, Hermann Waibel

In: World Development 71 (2015) S. 54-78

Abstract

We examine whether the experience of shocks influences individual risk attitude. We measure the risk attitude of more than 4,000 households in Thailand and Vietnam via a simple survey item. The experience of adverse shocks, which is typical for poor and vulnerable households, is related to a higher degree of risk aversion, even when controlled for a large set of socio-demographic variables. Therefore, shocks perpetuate vulnerability to poverty via their effect on risk attitude. We extend this general finding to various categories of shocks and find differences between Thailand and Vietnam. This suggests that risk-coping strategies profit from case-specific design.

Lukas Menkhoff

Head of Department in the International Economics Department



Keywords: risk attitude, shocks, vulnerability, risk perception, behavior toward risk, South East Asia
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.11.005

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