Gk (Copyright)  Detailaufnahme Detailansicht Detail
Roundup, 18 May 2018

The Capital Markets Union (CMU) – an initiative of the European Commission – aims to unify and deepen capital markets across EU Member States by removing existing barriers to cross-border investment and, in particular, harmonizing financial and business regulations. However, harmonizing ... more

Giovanni Vitani (Copyright)  Lernen Vorschule Bilderbuch
Weekly Report, 09 May 2018

In Germany, around 94 percent of children between the ages of three and six attend a day care center. Regarding the remaining six percent, many experts have speculated that children, primarily those from socio-economically disadvantaged households, do not use day care. Based on data from the Socio ... more

Andre Bonn (Copyright)  Hosentasche Tasche Taschen
Weekly Report, 04 May 2018

The amount of redistribution people favor depends on socioeconomic factors and their views on fairness. This study, based on a representative survey conducted in Sweden, confirms earlier results: Higher incomes are correlated with wanting less redistribution, women are more in favor of ... more

puje (Copyright)  Diagramm Statistik Aufschwung
Press Release, 26 Apr 2018

The Economic Barometer of the German Insitute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) remains high but is signaling a weakening of the growth rate. It reached a score of 126 points in the first quarter and 121 points in the second quarter, well above the 100-point mark that stands for average growth. more

Lichtblick (Copyright)  Pflege Fürsorge Fürsoglichkeit
Weekly Report, 26 Apr 2018

The social services sector has experienced growth at a far above-average pace in the past, and employment has even accelerated since the middle of the past decade. This is due to a strong increase in demand for this sector's services as a result of an aging society and from increasing tasks to solve ... more

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by Sophia Schmitz, C. Katharina Spieß, in DIW Weekly Report

In Germany, around 94 percent of children between the ages of three and six attend a day care center. Regarding the remaining six percent, many experts have speculated that children, primarily those from socio-economically disadvantaged households, do not use day care. Based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the Families in Germany survey (FiD), the present study is one of the first representative studies to look at preschool children three and older who do not attend a day care center. The findings show that they are not necessarily from socio-economically disadvantaged homes. Some parents with high incomes and high levels of educational attainment also keep their children home or take advantage of other programs such as parent-child groups. For this reason, mandatory day care would not effectively target children from socio-economically disadvantaged households. Instead, parents who do not send their children to day care should be specifically informed of the advantages of day care attendance for their children, its costs, and possible exemptions from payment.

by Manja Gärtner, Johanna Mollerstrom, in DIW Weekly Report

The amount of redistribution people favor depends on socioeconomic factors and their views on fairness. This study, based on a representative survey conducted in Sweden, confirms earlier results: Higher incomes are correlated with wanting less redistribution, women are more in favor of redistribution than men on average, and older people favor it more than younger people. People’s views on fairness and altruism also play a role. The study also shows for the first time that individual differences in risk aversion correlate with redistributive preferences. People who shy away from risk tend to wish for more redistribution than people who are more prone to taking risks. The results help us understand which policies are supported by which segments of the population.

by Karl Brenke, Thore Schlaak, Leopold Ringwald, in DIW Weekly Report

The social services sector has experienced growth at a far above-average pace in the past, and employment has even accelerated since the middle of the past decade. This is due to a strong increase in demand for this sector's services as a result of an aging society and from increasing tasks to solve problems in families. The influx of refugees has also affected demand. Almost everywhere in the EU, the social services sector is being strongly expanded. The sector's structures are similar across countries: very marked labor intensiveness and a wage level significantly below the national average, resulting in low measured productivity. In Germany, the gap between the wages in the social services sector and the average wage level is especially large. In part, the gap is explained by the fact that a relatively large number of unskilled workers are employed in the social services. However, skilled workers are also paid comparatively little. While wages in the social services sector have risen relatively strongly recently, there is still the problem of finding qualified people to work in what is likely to be a rapidly growing industry. Society must therefore ask itself how much value it wants to place on a sufficient supply of social services in the future, especially in regard to caretakers.

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Children not attending do not only come from lower income households. Mandatory day care for three years and older would therefore not be an effective way to target children from socio-economically disadvantaged households:
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Risk aversion and other factors determine preferences. On average, people who are very risk averse want more redistribution:
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